Ethnology, Volume 1

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University Press, 1896 - Anthropology - 442 pages

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Page 264 - We must necessarily infer that the development of the Negro and White proceeds on different lines. While with the latter the volume of the brain grows with the expansion of the brain-pan, in the former the growth of the brain is on the contrary arrested by the premature closing of the cranial sutures and lateral pressure of the frontal bone2.
Page 158 - ... we are entitled to draw confidently the CONCLUSION that all human races are of one species and one family.
Page 29 - In order to understand the existence of rudimentary organs, we have only to suppose that a former progenitor possessed the parts in question in a perfect state, and that under changed habits of life they became greatly reduced, either from simple disuse, or through the natural selection of those individuals which were least encumbered •with a superfluous part, aided by the other means previously indicated.
Page 349 - Their mental characteristics are likewise very distinct; chiefly as it would appear in their emotional, but partly in their intellectual faculties. Every one who has had the opportunity of comparison must have been struck with the contrast between the taciturn, even morose, aborigines of South America and the light-hearted, talkative negroes.
Page 281 - Strait islands, and domain past most of the smaller groups in East Malaysia as far west as Flores inclusive. But in prehistoric times it must have MELANESIAN OF NIFELOLE I. also included the whole of Polynesia, as far as Easter Island in the extreme east, Hawaii and New Zealand in the extreme north and south. This is inferred from the fact that " there are probably few if any of the islands of the Pacific in which it [the Papuan element] does not form some factor in the composite character of the...
Page 288 - But they differ from all other Negro or Negroid races in the character of the hair, which is neither woolly nor frizzly, but at most bushy, curly or wavy, thick, black, and like the beard (often well developed) of somewhat coarse texture2. The explanation, suggested amongst others by Flower and Lydekker, is that they are probably not a homogeneous group at all, as supposed by Huxley, but a cross between two already formed stocks. Thus Australia may have been " originally peopled with frizzly-haired...
Page 378 - The almost simultaneous researches of Prof. Sayce and of Prof. Petrie in the Nile Valley thus complement each other. They attest in the whole of that region the presence at a remote epoch of Hamitic Ethiopians and Libyans, and explain the juxtaposition of these two peoples in the Second Book of Chronicles, where it is asked, " Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubim a huge host, with very many chariots and horsemen ?
Page 97 - Here there were the remains of the two great periods of the Stone Age, the last of which continued down till the discovery and colonization of the country by Europeans. The weapons and other objects of the latter period were the most abundant, and occurred in the valley; the ruder...
Page 220 - It is, however, quite open to any one adopting the Negro, Mongolian, and Caucasian as primary divisions, to place the Americans apart as a fourth. Now that the high antiquity of man in America, perhaps as high as that which he has in Europe, has been discovered, the puzzling problem, from which part of the Old World the people of America have sprung, has lost its significance. It is quite as likely that the people of Asia may have been derived from America as the reverse.
Page 95 - Curr, who has examined a great many of these "ovens," states that "neither stone arrow-heads nor fragments of pottery are found in them" (The Australian Race, in. p. 677). But the "stone-circles" mentioned in Chambers' Monuments of Unrecorded Ages as "numerous in Victoria," have no existence; "there are no such circles, and never were" (Smyth, np 235). On the other hand vast numbers of stone implements (hatchets, knives, adzes, scrapers, pounders, points, &c.), made of diorite, basalt, quartzite,...

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