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The Slums of Baltimore, Chicago, New York, and Philadelphia
United States Bureau of Labor
No preview available - 2015
Age not reported age periods Austria-Hungary Average Days Hours Average weekly earnings Baltimore born males 21 British Amer Chicago CHICAGO—Continued Clothing makers conjugal condition continued DAYS AND HOURS Days Hours Individuals DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL EARNINGS AND DAYS factory employes Female foreign and foreign foreign birth 21 foreign born males foreign not specified four cities ginal HOURS OF LABOR Hours per week includes all males Italy males of foreign MANUFACTURES AND MECHANICAL MECHANICAL INDUSTRIES Merchants and dealers Mott street Mulatto native and foreign native born Norway Occupation and sex OCCUPATION AND SEX—Continued octoroon otherwise specified Peddlers and hucksters PERSONAL SERVICE Philadelphia Place of birth PLACES OF BIRTH—Continued Poland Portu proportion quadroon SELECTED PLACES SEX AND OCCUPA SEX AND SELECTED slum population Sweden Table XVI.—OCCUPATIONS Table XVII Table XVII.—WEEKLY EARNINGS tene tenements TION—Continued total population TRADE AND TRANSPORTATION tria workers XVIII.—CLASSIFIED WEEKLY EARNINGS York YORK—Continued
Page 37 - Under 5 years. 5 to 9 years. 10 to 19 years. 20 to 29 years. 30 to 39 years. 40 to 49 years. 50 to 59 years. 60 to 69 years. 70 to 79 years.
Page 86 - ... person is at the time living, whether in a room above a warehouse or factory, a loft above a stable or a wigwam on the outskirts of a settlement, equally with a dwelling house in the usual, ordinary sense of that term. Wholly uninhabited dwellings are not to be taken notice of.
Page 108 - Under 5 years 5 to 9 years 10 to 14 years 15 to 19 years 20 to 24 vears 25 to 29 years 30 to 34 years 35 to 39...
Page 13 - The slums of cities, according to the dictionaries, are dirty back streets, especially such streets as are inhabited by a squalid and criminal population ; they are low and dangerous neighborhoods.
Page 12 - The total population canvassed in the four cities is 83,852. The districts selected by no means contain the whole slum population of the cities included in the investigation. According to the best estimates, the total slum population of Baltimore is about 25,000; of Chicago, 102,000; of New York, 360,000; of Philadelphia, 35,000.
Page 11 - That the Commissioner of Labor be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to make a full investigation relative to what is known as the slums of cities, confining such investigation to cities containing two hundred thousand inhabitants and over, as shown by the Eleventh Census. The investigation shall relate to the occupations, earnings, sanitary surroundings, and other essential facts necessary to show the condition of residents of such localities, and to show, so far as it may be done, the condition...
Page 95 - It should be borne in mind that these figures refer only to the houses having bath rooms, 96.67 per cent of the houses investigated in New York and 82.28 per cent in Philadelphia being entirely without such accommodations. The average number of persons compelled to use the same water closet or privy was 10.52 persons in New York and 6.86 persons in Philadelphia.
Page 12 - ... inquiries looking to the causes why people, are found in the slum districts of cities, what brought them there, the experience in life which leads to such a residence," as too vague for the application of statistical methods, and also too expensive.
Page 50 - Of the foreign-born 21 years of age or over who had been in the United States five years or more only 31.6 per cent were naturalized, and 20.9 per cent, were in possession of first papers. ONLY 4.1 PER CENT. OF THE FOREIGN-BORN WAGE-EARNING MALES, AS CONTRASTED WITH 21.9 PER CENT. OF THE NATIVE-BORN, WERE AFFILIATED WITH LABOR ORGANIZATIONS.
Page 94 - FAMILIES AND INDIVIDUALS IN HOUSES OR TENEMENTS HAVING AND NOT HAVING BATH ROOMS. Since that date large progress has been made. A report of the Bureau, prepared for the exhibit at St. Louis of 1904, finds that in 34 cities of the United States more or less adequate provision for public baths has been made by the municipality. Other cities are carefully considering the establishment...