Fatal Sunday: George Washington, the Monmouth Campaign, and the Politics of Battle
University of Oklahoma Press, Apr 18, 2016 - History - 624 pages
Historians have long considered the Battle of Monmouth one of the most complicated engagements of the American Revolution. Fought on Sunday, June 28, 1778, Monmouth was critical to the success of the Revolution. It also marked a decisive turning point in the military career of George Washington. Without the victory at Monmouth Courthouse, Washington's critics might well have marshaled the political strength to replace him as the American commander-in-chief. Authors Mark Edward Lender and Garry Wheeler Stone argue that in political terms, the Battle of Monmouth constituted a pivotal moment in the War for Independence.
Viewing the political and military aspects of the campaign as inextricably entwined, this book offers a fresh perspective on Washington’s role in it. Drawing on a wide range of historical sources—many never before used, including archaeological evidence—Lender and Stone disentangle the true story of Monmouth and provide the most complete and accurate account of the battle, including both American and British perspectives. In the course of their account it becomes evident that criticism of Washington’s performance in command was considerably broader and deeper than previously acknowledged. In light of long-standing practical and ideological questions about his vision for the Continental Army and his ability to win the war, the outcome at Monmouth—a hard-fought tactical draw—was politically insufficient for Washington. Lender and Stone show how the general’s partisans, determined that the battle for public opinion would be won in his favor, engineered a propaganda victory for their chief that involved the spectacular court-martial of Major General Charles Lee, the second-ranking officer of the Continental Army.
Replete with poignant anecdotes, folkloric incidents, and stories of heroism and combat brutality; filled with behind-the-scenes action and intrigue; and teeming with characters from all walks of life, Fatal Sunday gives us the definitive view of the fateful Battle of Monmouth.
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The Battle of Detachments
The Living and the Dead
Departures and Arrivals
Constructing Victory Settling Scores
Assessments and Legacies
A Campaign and Battle Chronology 16
Appendix B Continental Army Order of Battle
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28 June action advance American Revolution Anthony Wayne army’s artillery attack battalion Battle of Monmouth battlefield bridge British army Brook Captain Charles Lee Clinton column commander in chief Congress Continental Army County courtmartial detachment Diary Dickinson to GW enemy Englishtown field fight fire flank force Freehold general’s Grayson grenadiers guard guns Hamilton Hedgerow Henry Laurens Hessian Horatio Gates horse Howe’s ibid Jackson jaegers John Laurens Journal July Knyphausen Lafayette Lee Papers Lee’s letter Lieutenant Colonel light infantry Livingston loyalist main army major Maxwell Mercer miles military militia Monmouth campaign Monmouth Court House Morgan moved Nathanael Greene North officers orders Oswald patriot Pennsylvania Pension Application PGWde Philadelphia Philemon Dickinson PLCM political Queen’s Rangers rear rebel redcoats regiments retreat Revolutionary road Royal Scott sent Shreve Simcoe skirmish soldiers Steuben Stirling Stryker took troops twentyeighth units Valley Forge vanguard Virginia Washington Wayne’s West Morass William wounded wrote York