Prairie Power: Student Activism, Counterculture, and Backlash in Oklahoma, 1962–1972

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University of Oklahoma Press, Jan 25, 2018 - History - 232 pages

Student radicals and hippies—in Oklahoma? Though most scholarship about 1960s-era student activism and the counterculture focuses on the East and West Coasts, Oklahoma’s college campuses did see significant activism and “dropping out.” In Prairie Power, Sarah Eppler Janda fills a gap in the historical record by connecting the activism of Oklahoma students and the experience of hippies to a state and a national history from which they have been absent.

Janda shows that participants in both student activism and retreat from conformist society sought connections to Oklahoma’s past while forging new paths for themselves. She shows that Oklahoma students linked their activism with the grassroots socialist radicalism and World War I–era anti-draft protest of their grandparents’ generation, citing Woody Guthrie, Oscar Ameringer, and the Wobblies as role models. Many movement organizers in Oklahoma, especially those in the University of Oklahoma’s chapter of Students for a Democratic Society and the anti-war movement, fit into a larger midwestern and southwestern activist mentality of “prairie power”: a blend of free-speech advocacy, countercultural expression, and anarchist tendencies that set them apart from most East Coast student activists. Janda also reveals the vehemence with which state officials sought to repress campus “agitators,” and discusses Oklahomans who chose to retreat from the mainstream rather than fight to change it. Like their student activist counterparts, Oklahoma hippies sought inspiration from older precedents, including the back-to-the-land movement and the search for authenticity, but also Christian evangelicalism and traditional gender roles.

Drawing on underground newspapers and declassified FBI documents, as well as interviews the author conducted with former activists and government officials, Prairie Power will appeal to those interested in Oklahoma’s history and the counterculture and political dissent in the 1960s.
 
 

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Contents

List of Illustrations
The Emergence
Free Speech and the Making
From the Emergence of Antiwar Demonstrations to
The Jones Familys Grandchildren and the Localization
Oklahoma and the Aftermath of Kent
Hippie Oklahoma and the Retreat for Authenticity
Reimagined Tradition as Counterculture
Bibliography
Copyright

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About the author (2018)

Sarah Eppler Janda is Professor of History at Cameron University in Lawton, Oklahoma, and the author of Beloved Women: The Political Lives of LaDonna Harris and Wilma Mankiller.
 

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