Hide, Wood, and Willow: Cradles of the Great Plains Indians

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University of Oklahoma Press, Jun 13, 2019 - Social Science - 280 pages
For centuries indigenous communities of North America have used carriers to keep their babies safe. Among the Indians of the Great Plains, rigid cradles are both practical and symbolic, and many of these cradleboards—combining basketry and beadwork—represent some of the finest examples of North American Indian craftsmanship and decorative art. This lavishly illustrated volume is the first full-length reference book to describe baby carriers of the Lakota, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and many other Great Plains cultures.

Author Deanna Tidwell Broughton, a member of the Oklahoma Cherokee Nation and a sculptor of miniature cradles, draws from a wealth of primary sources—including oral histories and interviews with Native artists—to explore the forms, functions, and symbolism of Great Plains cradleboards. As Broughton explains, the cradle was vital to a Native infant’s first months of life, providing warmth, security, and portability, as well as a platform for viewing and interacting with the outside world for the first time. Cradles and cradleboards were not only practical but also symbolic of infancy, and each tribe incorporated special colors, materials, and ornaments into their designs to imbue their baby carriers with sacred meaning.

Hide, Wood, and Willow reveals the wide variety of cradles used by thirty-two Plains tribes, including communities often ignored or overlooked, such as the Wichita, Lipan Apache, Tonkawa, and Plains Métis. Each chapter offers information about the tribe’s background, preferred types of cradles, birth customs, and methods for distinguishing the sex of the baby through cradle ornamentation.

Despite decades of political and social upheaval among Plains tribes, the significance of the cradle endures. Today, a baby can still be found wrapped up and wide-eyed, supported by a baby board. With its blend of stunning full-color images and detailed information, this book is a fitting tribute to an important and ongoing tradition among indigenous cultures.
 
 

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Contents

List of Illustrations
A Cradle for This Child by N Scott Momaday
Plains Cradles
Yankton and Yanktonai
Plains Cree
PRAIRIE CRADLEBOARDS
10
Ponca
Kiowa
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Cheyenne
Tonkawa
Lakota
Assiniboine
HIDE BABY BAGS SWINGS AND HAMMOCKS
Hidatsa

Pawnee
NORTHERN PLAINS FLAT BOARDS
Crow
Blackfoot
HURDLE CRADLES
Arapaho
Wichita
Lipan Apache
LATTICE FRAMES AND SOFT HOODS
Pahnt ope Cradle by Ray C Doyah 19 Comanche
Mandan
Arikara
Gros Ventre
Sarcee
Stoney
Plains Métis
Quapaw
List of Museums
Glossary
Copyright

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About the author (2019)

Deanna Tidwell Broughton, a retired schoolteacher and principal and an enrolled member of the Oklahoma Cherokee Nation, has used her interest in her heritage to learn about and craft miniature Native baby cradles.