Populism: A Very Short Introduction

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Oxford University Press, 2017 - POLITICAL SCIENCE - 131 pages
Populism is a central concept in the current media debates about politics and elections. However, like most political buzzwords, the term often floats from one meaning to another, and both social scientists and journalists use it to denote diverse phenomena. What is populism really? Who are the populist leaders? And what is the relationship between populism and democracy? This book answers these questions in a simple and persuasive way, offering a swift guide to populism in theory and practice.

Cas Mudde and Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser present populism as an ideology that divides society into two antagonistic camps, the "pure people" versus the "corrupt elite," and that privileges the general will of the people above all else. They illustrate the practical power of this ideology through a survey of representative populist movements of the modern era: European right-wing parties, left-wing presidents in Latin America, and the Tea Party movement in the United States. The authors delve into the ambivalent personalities of charismatic populist leaders such as Juan Domingo Péron, H. Ross Perot, Jean-Marie le Pen, Silvio Berlusconi, and Hugo Chávez. If the strong male leader embodies the mainstream form of populism, many resolute women, such as Eva Péron, Pauline Hanson, and Sarah Palin, have also succeeded in building a populist status, often by exploiting gendered notions of society.

Although populism is ultimately part of democracy, populist movements constitute an increasing challenge to democratic politics. Comparing political trends across different countries, this compelling book debates what the long-term consequences of this challenge could be, as it turns the spotlight on the bewildering effect of populism on today's political and social life.

 

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Contents

What is populism?
1
Populism around the world
21
Populism and mobilization
42
The populist leader
62
Populism and democracy
79
Causes and responses
97
References
119
Further reading
125
Index
127
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About the author (2017)


Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser is Associate Professor of Political Science at the Diego Portales University's School of Political Science in Chile. He is the co-author of Populism in Europe and the Americas: Threat or Corrective for Democracy?

Cas Mudde is Associate Professor of International Affairs at the University of Georgia. He is the author of Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe and co-author of Populism in Europe and the Americas: Threat or Corrective for Democracy?.

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