Populism: A Very Short Introduction
Populism is a central concept in the current media debates about politics and elections. However, like most political buzzwords, the term often floats from one meaning to another, and both social scientists and journalists use it to denote diverse phenomena. What is populism really? Who are the populist leaders? And what is the relationship between populism and democracy? This book answers these questions in a simple and persuasive way, offering a swift guide to populism in theory and practice.
Cas Mudde and Crist bal Rovira Kaltwasser present populism as an ideology that divides society into two antagonistic camps, the "pure people" versus the "corrupt elite," and that privileges the general will of the people above all else. They illustrate the practical power of this ideology through a survey of representative populist movements of the modern era: European right-wing parties, left-wing presidents in Latin America, and the Tea Party movement in the United States. The authors delve into the ambivalent personalities of charismatic populist leaders such as Juan Domingo P ron, H. Ross Perot, Jean-Marie le Pen, Silvio Berlusconi, and Hugo Ch vez. If the strong male leader embodies the mainstream form of populism, many resolute women, such as Eva P ron, Pauline Hanson, and Sarah Palin, have also succeeded in building a populist status, often by exploiting gendered notions of society.
Although populism is ultimately part of democracy, populist movements constitute an increasing challenge to democratic politics. Comparing political trends across different countries, this compelling book debates what the long-term consequences of this challenge could be, as it turns the spotlight on the bewildering effect of populism on today's political and social life.
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Alberto Fujimori American argue authoritarian regime Berlusconi charismatic common competitive authoritarian constitution construct contemporary context Correa corrupt elite countries culture David de-democratization defined eastern Europe economic elections electoral democracy ethnic European Evo Morales example female populist FPÖ fundamental rights groups Haider host ideology Hugo Chávez ideational approach institutions Jean-Marie Le Pen Jörg Haider Latin America left-wing populist liberal democracy majority rule Marine Le Pen Michael neoliberal nonpopulist Orbán organization particularly People’s Party personalist leadership Peter policies political actors political elite political parties political regimes political system politicians popular sovereignty populist actors populist attitudes populist forces populist leaders populist mobilization populist parties populist politics populist radical right populist social movements president presidential protection of fundamental radical right parties Republican right-wing populist rise Sarah Palin set of ideas Shutterstock side of populist Silvio Berlusconi society socioeconomic specific strongman Syriza Tea Party Thaksin Shinawatra types of populist Venezuela