The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

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Gerben Bruinsma, Shane D. Johnson
Oxford University Press, 2018 - Social Science - 938 pages
The study of how the environment, local geography, and physical locations influence crime has a long history that stretches across many research traditions. These include the neighborhood effects approach developed in the 1920s, the criminology of place, and a newer approach that attends to the perception of crime in communities. Aided by new technologies and improved data-reporting in recent decades, research in environmental criminology has developed rapidly within each of these approaches. Yet research in the subfield remains fragmented and competing theories are rarely examined together.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology takes a unique approach and synthesizes the contributions of existing methods to better integrate the subfield as a whole. Gerben J.N. Bruinsma and Shane D. Johnson have assembled a cast of top scholars to provide an in-depth source for understanding how and why physical setting can influence the emergence of crime, affect the environment, and impact individual or group behavior. The contributors address how changes in the environment, global connectivity, and technology provide more criminal opportunities and new ways of committing old crimes. They also explore how crimes committed in countries with distinct cultural practices like China and West Africa might lead to different spatial patterns of crime. This is a state-of-the-art compendium on environmental criminology that reflects the diverse research and theory developed across the western world.

 

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Contents

Scope History and State of the Art
1
Part I Reflections on Theoretical Issues
33
Part II Methods of Research in Environmental Criminology
175
Empirical Examples and Reviews of Research
341
Part IV Special Crimes and Circumstances
777
Index
931
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About the author (2018)

Gerben J.N. Bruinsma is full-time director of the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR), Amsterdam and professor emeritus of environmental criminology at the Vrije University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. His current interests are environmental, theoreticaland historical criminology.Shane D. Johnson is professor and director of the UCL Dawes Centre for Future Crime at the UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science at University College London. He has particular interests in exploring how methods from other disciplines can inform understanding of crime and security issues, andthe extent to which theories developed to explain everyday crimes can explain more extreme events such as riots, maritime piracy and insurgency.

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