Concepts of Epidemiology: Integrating the Ideas, Theories, Principles, and Methods of Epidemiology

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Oxford University Press, 2016 - Epidemiology - 480 pages
Epidemiology is a population science that underpins health improvement and health care, by exploring and establishing the pattern, frequency, trends, and causes of a disease. Concepts of Epidemiology comprehensively describes the application of core epidemiological concepts and principles to readers interested in population health research, policy making, health service planning, health promotion, and clinical care.

The book provides an overview of study designs and practical framework for the geographical analysis of diseases, including accounting for error and bias within studies. It discusses the ways in which epidemiological data are presented, explains the distinction between association and causation, as well as relative and absolute risks, and considers the theoretical and ethical basis of epidemiology both in the past and the future.

This new edition places even greater emphasis on interactive learning. Each chapter includes learning objectives, theoretical and numerical exercises, questions and answers, a summary of the key points, and exemplar panels to illustrate the concepts and methods under consideration.

Written in an accessible and engaging style, with a specialized glossary to explain and de\'1fne technical terminology, Concepts of Epidemiology is ideal for postgraduate students in epidemiology, public health, and health policy. It is also perfect for clinicians, undergraduate students and researchers in medicine, nursing and other health disciplines who wish to improve their understanding of fundamental epidemiological concepts.

 

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Contents

1 What is epidemiology? The nature scope variables principal measures and designs of a biological clinical social and ecological science
1
2 The epidemiological concept of population
23
 background and a framework for analysis of genetic and environmental effects
51
4 Error bias and confounding in epidemiology
89
 the epidemiological approach
131
 natural history and incubation period time trends in populations spectrum iceberg and screening
183
 incidence and prevalence
221
8 Summarizing presenting and interpreting epidemiological data
257
 a conceptually integrated suite of methods and techniques
315
 theory ethics context and critical appraisal
389
Appendix 2
427
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About the author (2016)


Raj S. Bhopal, Alexander Bruce and John Usher Professor of Public Health, University of Edinburgh, and Honorary Consultant in Public Health, NHS Lothian Board, UK

Raj Bhopal is Bruce and John Usher Professor of Public Health in Edinburgh University and honorary consultant in public health with the NHS Lothian Board.

His books include Concepts of Epidemiology (OUP) and Migration, Ethnicity, race and Health (OUP). His academic publications include about 300 journal articles, on topics including legionnaires disease, primary care epidemiology, environmental epidemiology and ethnicity and health.

He is currently focusing on ethnic variations in disease, with a special emphasis how to respond to this knowledge with more effective public health interventions and clinical services, particularly around cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.

As Chairman of the Management Executive Committee he was leader of the 19th World Congress of Epidemiology 2011, held in Edinburgh. Raj Bhopal has enjoyed several honours and prizes, most notably being appointed CBE (Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) in 2001.

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