An Introduction to Population-Level Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases

Front Cover
Mike Rayner, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Julianne Williams, Shanthi Mendis, Karen McColl
Oxford University Press, 2017 - Medical - 264 pages
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the single biggest cause of death in the world. They include cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and stroke, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, like chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma, and diabetes. The World Health Organization published a 'Global Action Plan for the prevention and control of NCDs 2013-2020' which set a target to reduce death rates from NCDs by 25%. In response, countries are drawing up national level NCD prevention policies and programmes. New units have been set by governments, NGOs, and other organisation to drive this agenda forward creating a need for capacity building and training.

Until the Nuffield Department for Population Health at the University of Oxford initiated an accredited six-day short course on Prevention Strategies for Non-Communicable Diseases with a population-based approach, many attempts to engage with NCD prevention centred on individual-level interventions, such as screening and treating individual patients. In this new book, the course leaders bring together the entire scope of the population-based approach and provide a solid introduction to the concepts, evidence, and methods that define it.

'An Introduction to Population-Level Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases' takes readers through the policy cycle from problem definition, solution generation, capacity building, and implementation to evaluation and monitoring. The book includes a wide range of case studies, and practical examples of plans and projects which illustrate real-life application of theory.

This book provides an unparalleled overview of population-based approaches to the prevention of non-communicable diseases, reflecting the latest research in the field. It will be a key resource for anyone with an interest in NCD prevention, with particular relevance to early-career professionals working on NCD prevention in governments, NGOs, health care institutions, and universities, as they develop the knowledge and skills required for effective population-based prevention strategies.

 

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Contents

Part II Problem definition
11
Part III Solution generation
127
Part IV Resource mobilization and implementation
179
Part V Monitoring progress
225
Index
257
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About the author (2017)


Mike Rayner is a Professor of Population Health at the Nuffield Department of Population Health at the University of Oxford and Director of the Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, based in that department. The Centre, which Mike founded in 1993, is a World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre and carries out research into the promotion of healthier and more sustainable environments ā particularly those related to diets and physical activity. Mike is also Chair of Sustain: the alliance for better food and farming in the UK and Chair of its Childrenās Food Campaign. He is Chair of the Nutrition Expert Group for the European Heart Network. He is an ordained priest in the Church of England.

Kremlin Wickramasinghe is a researcher at the Nuffield Department of Population Health at the University of Oxford. He joined the Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention (CPNP) in 2009 to work on the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors. His research interests include multi-sectoral approaches to NCD prevention and implementation of NCD prevention strategies. The CPNP was awarded the status of World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention in 2013 and Kremlin is the Co-Director of the Collaborating Centre. He is also the Course Director for the Short course on prevention strategies for non-communicable diseases organised, by the University of Oxford.

Julianne Williams is a doctoral candidate in Population Health at the University of Oxford. Broadly, her research seeks to clarify the complex relationships between peopleās environments and their health behaviours and outcomes, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Her current research examines the influence of socio-economic and environmental factors on the health behaviours of adolescent schoolchildren in rural Sri Lanka. Previously, Julianne worked as a researcher in the Centre on Population Approaches for NCD Prevention at the University of Oxford, where she examined relationships between neighbourhood food environments and non-communicable disease (NCD) outcomes in Britain. She has also developed novel methods for using geospatial technologies to increase the accuracy of data collection in nutrition and obesity research. Julianne is a Registered Dietitian and received a Master in Public Health from the University of Washington.

Karen McColl is a freelance consulant based in Lotissement La Thuile, Montagny, France.

Dr Shanthi Mendis is a fellow at the Geneva Learning Foundation in Switzerland. She coordinated the global program for Prevention and Management of non-communicable diseases at the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. She has been the Senior Adviser/coordinator of the World Health Organization cardiovascular and non-communicable diseases programs from 2000. Dr Mendis served as Professor of Medicine, at the Faculty of Medicine, Peradeniya Sri Lanka from 1979 for twenty years. She is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology. She received post-doctoral training in the United Kingdom and USA, and has wide experience in Global Health, Internal Medicine, Cardiology, Policy development and Research in developing countries and has published widely.

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