Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

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OUP Oxford, Feb 25, 2010 - Medical - 145 pages
What is epidemiology? What are the causes of a new disease? How can pandemics be prevented? Epidemiology is the study of the changing patterns of disease and its main aim is to improve the health of populations. It's a vital field, central to the health of society, to the identification of causes of disease, and to their management and prevention. Epidemiology has had an impact on many areas of medicine; from discovering the relationship between tobacco smoking and lung cancer, to the origin and spread of new epidemics. However, it is often poorly understood, largely due to misrepresentations in the media. In this Very Short Introduction Rodolfo Saracci dispels some of the myths surrounding the study of epidemiology. He provides a general explanation of the principles behind clinical trials, and explains the nature of basic statistics concerning disease. He also looks at the ethical and political issues related to obtaining and using information concerning patients, and trials involving placebos. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
 

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Contents

1 What is epidemiology?
1
2 Measuring health and disease
12
3 Searching for the causes of disease
24
4 Establishing the causes of a disease
37
5 Testing how to control a disease
52
6 Following up peoples health
64
7 Investigating peoples past experiences
73
8 Mapping health and disease
84
9 From epidemiology to medicine prevention and public health
97
10 Epidemiology between ethics and politics
114
References
127
Further reading
135
Index
139
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About the author (2010)

Rodolfo Saracci is Honorary Director of research in epidemiology with the Italian National Research Council and Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology at the University of Arhus, Denmark. He holds postgraduate diplomas in internal medicine and medical statistics. He has worked at the World HealthOrganisation (WHO) for nearly thirty years and has published over 180 peer-reviewed papers.

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