The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics

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OUP Oxford, 2014 - Mathematics - 544 pages
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Authoritative and reliable, this A-Z provides jargon-free definitions for even the most technical mathematical terms. With over 3,000 entries ranging from Achilles paradox to zero matrix, it covers all commonly encountered terms and concepts from pure and applied mathematics and statistics, for example, linear algebra, optimisation, nonlinear equations, and differential equations. In addition, there are entries on major mathematicians and on topics of more general interest, such as fractals, game theory, and chaos. Using graphs, diagrams, and charts to render definitions as comprehensible as possible, entries are clear and accessible. Almost 200 new entries have been added to this edition, including terms such as arrow paradox, nested set, and symbolic logic. Useful appendices follow the A-Z dictionary and include lists of Nobel Prize winners and Fields' medallists, Greek letters, formulae, and tables of inequalities, moments of inertia, Roman numerals, a geometry summary, additional trigonometric values of special angles, and many more. This edition contains recommended web links, which are accessible and kept up to date via the Dictionary of Mathematics companion website. Fully revised and updated in line with curriculum and degree requirements, this dictionary is indispensable for students and teachers of mathematics, and for anyone encountering mathematics in the workplace.
 

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Contents

B
36
C
58
D
118
E
147
F
177
G
196
H
210
I
230
X
509
Y
510
Z
511
Appendix 1
514
Appendix 2
515
Appendix 3
516
Appendix 4
517
Appendix 5
519

J
258
K
261
L
268
M
295
N
321
O
337
P
345
Q
387
R
394
S
424
T
465
U
491
V
496
W
504
Appendix 6
520
Appendix 7
521
Appendix 8
523
Appendix 9
524
Appendix 10
525
Appendix 11
526
Appendix 12
527
Appendix 13
529
Appendix 14
531
Appendix 15
533
Appendix 16
534
Appendix 17
535
Appendix 18
536
Copyright

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About the author (2014)


James Nicholson has a mathematics degree from Cambridge, and taught at Harrow School for twelve years before becoming Head of Mathematics at Belfast Royal Academy in 1990. He lives in Belfast, but now works mostly with the School of Education at Durham University. He is the author of two A level Statistics texts, two GCSE Mathematics revision guides and a contributing author for a number of other mathematics textbooks.



Christopher Clapham wrote the first and second editions of this dictionary. Until 1993 he was Senior Lecturer in Mathematics at the University of Aberdeen. His publications include Introduction to Abstract Algebra and Introduction to Mathematical Analysis.

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