The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, Volume 1
Since its publication in 1996, The Oxford Companion to Archaeology has firmly established itself as the standard reference work in the field of archaeology, selling nearly 15,000 copies to date and remaining a favorite among students, scholars, and anyone interested in archaeology. In 700 entries, the second edition provides thorough coverage to historical archaeology, the development of archaeology as a field of study, and the ways the discipline works to explain the past. In addition to these theoretical entries, other entries describe the major excavations, discoveries, and innovations, from the discovery of the cave paintings at Lascaux to the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics and the use of luminescence dating. Much has changed in the field since 1996. Recent developments in methods and analytical techniques (e.g., laser-based mapping and survey systems, new applications of the scanning electron microscope) have revolutionized the ways excavations are performed. Cultural tourism, cultural resource management, heritage, and conservation have been redefined as areas within archaeology, and have had new emphasis given them by scholars and administrators. Major new sites have expanded our understanding of prehistory and human developments through time. The second edition explores each of these advances in the field, adding approximately 200 entries and exanding the total work to three volumes. Neil Asher Silberman, a renowned practicing archaeologist, author, and scholar, and a board member for the first edition, is the editor in chief. In addition to significant expansion, first-edition entries have been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the progress that has been made in the last decade and a half.
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Acheulian Africa agricultural American analysis ancient animals antiquities archae archaeol archaeological record archaeological sites areas artifacts behavior BIBLIOGRAPHY bones Britain Bronze Age burial Çatalhöyük Cave Celtic Celts central century BC ceramic Chavín Chavín culture Chavín de Huantar Chimú China Chinese civilization coast colonial communities complex context cultural resource management dating domesticated dynasty earliest early East eastern Egypt Egyptian Empire ethical Europe European evidence example excavations gender archaeology graves groups heritage hominins Homo Homo erectus human hunter-gatherers important interpretation Iron Age Kingdom late later material culture Mediterranean Mehrgarh ment Mesoamerica Mesolithic Middle millennium BC modern monuments mounds museums Neolithic northern origins Paleolithic past period plants Pleistocene political population pottery prehistoric radiocarbon dates region remains ritual Roman settlement social societies South southern stone tools temple theory tion tombs trade tradition Valley western