The Anonymous Marie de France

Front Cover
University of Chicago Press, 2003 - Literary Criticism - 367 pages
This book by one of our most admired and influential medievalists offers a fundamental reconception of the person generally assumed to be the first woman writer in French, the author known as Marie de France. The Anonymous Marie de France is the first work to consider all of the writing ascribed to Marie, including her famous Lais, her 103 animal fables, and the earliest vernacular Saint Patrick's Purgatory.

Evidence about Marie de France's life is so meager that we know next to nothing about her-not where she was born and to what rank, who her parents were, whether she was married or single, where she lived and might have traveled, whether she dwelled in cloister or at court, nor whether in England or France. In the face of this great writer's near anonymity, scholars have assumed her to be a simple, naive, and modest Christian figure. Bloch's claim, in contrast, is that Marie is among the most self-conscious, sophisticated, complicated, and disturbing figures of her time-the Joyce of the twelfth century. At a moment of great historical turning, the so-called Renaissance of the twelfth century, Marie was both a disrupter of prevailing cultural values and a founder of new ones. Her works, Bloch argues, reveal an author obsessed by writing, by memory, and by translation, and acutely aware not only of her role in the preservation of cultural memory, but of the transforming psychological, social, and political effects of writing within an oral tradition.

Marie's intervention lies in her obsession with the performative capacities of literature and in her acute awareness of the role of the subject in interpreting his or her own world. According to Bloch, Marie develops a theology of language in the Lais, which emphasize the impossibility of living in the flesh along with a social vision of feudalism in decline. She elaborates an ethics of language in the Fables, which, within the context of the court of Henry II, frame and form the urban values and legal institutions of the Anglo-Norman world. And in her Espurgatoire, she produces a startling examination of the afterlife which Bloch links to the English conquest and occupation of medieval Ireland.

With a penetrating glimpse into works such as these, The Anonymous Marie de France recovers the central achievements of one of the most pivotal figures in French literature. It is a study that will be of enormous value to medievalists, literary scholars, historians of France, and anyone interested in the advent of female authorship.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
1
ONE The Word Aventure and the Adventure of Words
25
The Lais and Fatal Speech
51
THREE The Voice in the Tomb of the Lais
83
The Fables
111
The Fables and Social Mobility at the Court of Henry II
139
SIX Maries Fables and the Rise of the Monarchic State
175
EIGHT Between Fable and Romance
241
NINE The AngloNorman Conquest of Ireland and the Colonization of the Afterlife
267
Conclusion
311
Notes
321
Index
357
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2003)

R. Howard Bloch is the Augustus R. Street Professor of French at Yale University. He is the author or editor of nine previous books, most recently Medievalism and the Modernist Temper and God's Plagiarist: Being an Account of the Fabulous Industry and Irregular Commerce of the Abbé Migne, the latter published by the University of Chicago Press

Bibliographic information