The Economics of Poverty Traps

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Christopher B. Barrett, Michael Carter, Jean-Paul Chavas, Michael R. Carter
University of Chicago Press, Dec 7, 2018 - Business & Economics - 424 pages
What circumstances or behaviors turn poverty into a cycle that perpetuates across generations? The answer to this question carries especially important implications for the design and evaluation of policies and projects intended to reduce poverty. Yet a major challenge analysts and policymakers face in understanding poverty traps is the sheer number of mechanisms—not just financial, but also environmental, physical, and psychological—that may contribute to the persistence of poverty all over the world.

The research in this volume explores the hypothesis that poverty is self-reinforcing because the equilibrium behaviors of the poor perpetuate low standards of living. Contributions explore the dynamic, complex processes by which households accumulate assets and increase their productivity and earnings potential, as well as the conditions under which some individuals, groups, and economies struggle to escape poverty. Investigating the full range of phenomena that combine to generate poverty traps—gleaned from behavioral, health, and resource economics as well as the sociology, psychology, and environmental literatures—chapters in this volume also present new evidence that highlights both the insights and the limits of a poverty trap lens.

The framework introduced in this volume provides a robust platform for studying well-being dynamics in developing economies.
 

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Contents

Introduction Christopher B Barrett Michael R Carter and Jean Paul Chavas
1
I Nutrition Health and Human Capital Formation
21
II Psychology of Poverty Hope and Aspirations
125
III Imperfect and Incomplete Financial Markets
187
IV Dynamics and Resilience in Natural Resources and Agriculture
263
V Policy in the Presence of Poverty Trap Mechanisms
323
Contributors
395
Author Index
399
Subject Index
409
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About the author (2018)

Christopher B. Barrett is the Stephen B. and Janice G. Ashley Professor of Applied Economics and Management, professor of economics, and International Professor of Agriculture at Cornell University, where he also serves as deputy dean and dean of academic affairs at the S.C. Johnson College of Business.

Michael R. Carter is professor of agricultural and resource economics at the University of California, Davis, and directs the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Assets and Market Access and the Index Insurance Innovation Initiative (I4). He is a fellow of the Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development and the American Agricultural Economics Association and a research associate of the NBER.

Jean-Paul Chavas is the Anderson-Bascom Professor of Agricultural and Applied Economics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and a member of the board of directors of the NBER.

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