Spinoza and the Politics of Renaturalization
There have been many Spinozas over the centuries: atheist, romantic pantheist, great thinker of the multitude, advocate of the liberated individual, and rigorous rationalist. The common thread connecting all of these clashing perspectives is Spinoza’s naturalism, the idea that humanity is part of nature, not above it. In this sophisticated new interpretation of Spinoza’s iconoclastic philosophy, Hasana Sharp draws on his uncompromising naturalism to rethink human agency, ethics, and political practice. Sharp uses Spinoza to outline a practical wisdom of “renaturalization,” showing how ideas, actions, and institutions are never merely products of human intention or design, but outcomes of the complex relationships among natural forces beyond our control. This lack of a metaphysical or moral division between humanity and the rest of nature, Sharp contends, can provide the basis for an ethical and political practice free from the tendency to view ourselves as either gods or beasts. Sharp’s groundbreaking argument critically engages with important contemporary thinkers—including deep ecologists, feminists, and race and critical theorists—making Spinoza and the Politics of Renaturalization vital for a wide range of scholars.
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action adequate ideas affect affirm agency Althusser ambition anthropocentric beasts become Butler causal cause claims conatus consciousness corporeal deep ecology Deleuze dependence Descartes desire determination Elizabeth Grosz enabling engender entails essence ethology existence external feminism feminist finite finitude forces freedom glory Grosz hatred Hegel Hegelian human and nonhuman human exceptionalism human nature identity ideology critique imagine impersonal individual infinite insists insofar liberation Maimonides Matheron mind and body misanthropy modes moral nonhuman animals nonhuman nature normative notion noza one’s oneself ontology oppression ourselves particular passions persevere person perspective plane of immanence political theory politics of imperceptibility politics of recognition politics of renaturalization posthumanism posthumanist radical rational reason relations relationships self-consciousness Simondon singular social speech Spinoza Spinoza’s ethics Spinoza’s philosophy Spinozists spiritual striving theorists things thinking thought Thousand Plateaus tion Transindividuality true ideas truth understanding Undoing Gender universal virtue