Gentleman Troubadours and Andean Pop Stars: Huayno Music, Media Work, and Ethnic Imaginaries in Urban Peru
Exploring Peru’s lively music industry and the studio producers, radio DJs, and program directors that drive it, Gentleman Troubadours and Andean Pop Stars is a fascinating account of the deliberate development of artistic taste. Focusing on popular huayno music and the ways it has been promoted to Peru’s emerging middle class, Joshua Tucker tells a complex story of identity making and the marketing forces entangled with it, providing crucial insights into the dynamics among art, class, and ethnicity that reach far beyond the Andes. Tucker focuses on the music of Ayacucho, Peru, examining how media workers and intellectuals there transformed the city’s huayno music into the country’s most popular style. By marketing contemporary huayno against its traditional counterpart, these agents, Tucker argues, have paradoxically reinforced ethnic hierarchies at the same time that they have challenged them. Navigating between a burgeoning Andean bourgeoisie and a music industry eager to sell them symbols of newfound sophistication, Gentleman Troubadours and Andean Pop Stars is a deep account of the real people behind cultural change.
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Introduction Cities Sounds and Circulation in TwentyFirstCentury Peru
One The Distributed Society
Two The Andean Music Scene
Three Bohemians Poets and Troubadours
Four The Commercial Huayno Business
Five Finding the Huayno People
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aesthetic album Anchorena Andean music artists audience Ayacu Ayacuchano music became broadcast Bustamante Camassi capital CCA's Central Andean charango chicha city's colonial commercial contemporary Ayacuchano huayno cosmopolitan criollo cumbia Cusco dance deﬁned described difﬁcult discourse distinct Dolby early elite ensemble estudiantina Falconi Fernandez ﬁeld ﬁg ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst folkloric Frecuencia Gaitans Garcia Zarate genres global guitar guitarist highland Huaman Huamanga huamanguino huayno music huayno norteﬁo huayno style identiﬁcation identity Indian indigenista indigenous inﬂuence instrumental intellectual Iosé kenas label Lima Lima's listeners listenership Lloréns Amico melody mestizo migrants musica criolla musicians Oscar Figueroa pan-Andean music Parra Pastorita Huaracina performers Peru Peru's Peruvian played political pop music popular music Prado production promote Quechua radio Radio Victoria recordings regional Revista Huamanga Romero Shining Path social songs sounds Spanish speciﬁc station studio stylistic tion Trio Ayacucho tunes Turino typically urban vernacular Vivanco yaravi