The Accommodated Animal: Cosmopolity in Shakespearean Locales

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University of Chicago Press, Jan 2, 2013 - History - 290 pages
Shakespeare wrote of lions, shrews, horned toads, curs, mastiffs, and hellhounds. But the word “animal” itself only appears very rarely in his work, which was in keeping with sixteenth-century usage. As Laurie Shannon reveals in The Accommodated Animal, the modern human / animal divide first came strongly into play in the seventeenth century, with Descartes’s famous formulation that reason sets humans above other species: “I think, therefore I am.” Before that moment, animals could claim a firmer place alongside humans in a larger vision of belonging, or what she terms cosmopolity. With Shakespeare as her touchstone, Shannon explores the creaturely dispensation that existed until Descartes. She finds that early modern writers used classical natural history and readings of Genesis to credit animals with various kinds of stakeholdership, prerogative, and entitlement, employing the language of politics in a constitutional vision of cosmic membership. Using this political idiom to frame cross-species relations, Shannon argues, carried with it the notion that animals possess their own investments in the world, a point distinct from the question of whether animals have reason. It also enabled a sharp critique of the tyranny of humankind. By answering “the question of the animal” historically, The Accommodated Animal makes a brilliant contribution to cross-disciplinary debates engaging animal studies, political theory, intellectual history, and literary studies.
 

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Contents

Creatures and Cosmopolitans Before the Animal
1
Animal Stakeholders Human Tyranny and the Political Life of Early Modern Genesis
29
FourFooted Estate Locomotion and the Prerogative of Free Animals
82
Animal Happiness and the Zoographic Critique of Humanity
127
The Alternative Politics of the Dark or Empires of the Nonhuman
174
From Subjects at Law to Objects of Science in Animal Trials
218
Raleighs Ark The Early Modern Arithmetic of Livestock
270
Index
285
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Laurie Shannon is associate professor of English and the Wender Lewis Teaching and Research Professor at Northwestern University and the author of Sovereign Amity: Figures of Friendship in Shakespearean Contexts.

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