The International Crime Drop: New Directions in Research
J. J. M. van Dijk, Jan van Dijk, Andromachi Tseloni, Graham Farrell
Palgrave Macmillan, Nov 14, 2012 - Law - 333 pages
Drawing on studies from major European countries and Australia, this exciting new collection from a group of internationally-renowned scholars extends the ongoing debate on falling crime rates from the perspective of criminal opportunity or routine activity theory. Considering the trends and discourse of the international crime fall, this book analyses the effect of Post World War II crime booms which triggered a universal improvement in security across the Western world, such as the introduction of mandatory security in motor vehicles in Europe and the US. Preliminary evidence is also presented on the impact of collective improvements in home security, analyzing levels of household burglaries and their distribution amongst the population in The Netherlands, England and Wales.
The International Crime Drop discusses how improved security against volume crime has initiated a prolonged recession on criminal markets in the West, a downturn that appears largely independent from criminal policies of individual governments. With fresh evidence for the causes of international falls in crime, this book signals a new direction in epidemiological studies of crime.
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Aebi analysis anti-theft devices Australia British Crime Survey burglary rates Canada car security car theft certainty of arrest certainty of conviction chapter compared consumer confidence conviction statistics crime drop crime rates crime risk crime trends crime types Crime Victims Survey Criminal Justice Criminology decrease Dijk domestic burglary domestic violence drug offences economic effect England and Wales Europe Eurostat explain falls Farrell Finland Home Office homicide rates household ICVS impact incidents increase intentional homicide Jan van Dijk Killias measures motor vehicle theft national surveys Netherlands offenders known official statistics overall parts-marking percent period personal crime persons convicted police figures police statistics police-recorded crime population property crime rape recorded crime reduced repeat victims reported robbery sample sexual assault social Tilley trends in crime Tseloni types of crime UNODC vehicle theft victimisation victimization rates violence against women violent crime volume crime Zealand