Pioneer Mother Monuments: Constructing Cultural Memory

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University of Oklahoma Press, Apr 4, 2019 - Art - 408 pages

For more than a century, American communities erected monuments to western pioneers. Although many of these statues receive little attention today, the images they depict—sturdy white men, saintly mothers, and wholesome pioneer families—enshrine prevailing notions of American exceptionalism, race relations, and gender identity. Pioneer Mother Monuments is the first book to delve into the long and complex history of remembering, forgetting, and rediscovering pioneer monuments.

In this book, historian Cynthia Culver Prescott combines visual analysis with a close reading of primary-source documents. Examining some two hundred monuments erected in the United States from the late nineteenth century to the present, Prescott begins her survey by focusing on the earliest pioneer statues, which celebrated the strong white men who settled—and conquered—the West. By the 1930s, she explains, when gender roles began shifting, new monuments came forth to honor the Pioneer Mother. The angelic woman in a sunbonnet, armed with a rifle or a Bible as she carried civilization forward—an iconic figure—resonated particularly with Mormon audiences. While interest in these traditional monuments began to wane in the postwar period, according to Prescott, a new wave of pioneer monuments emerged in smaller communities during the late twentieth century. Inspired by rural nostalgia, these statues helped promote heritage tourism.

In recent years, Americans have engaged in heated debates about Confederate Civil War monuments and their implicit racism. Should these statues be removed or reinterpreted? Far less attention, however, has been paid to pioneer monuments, which, Prescott argues, also enshrine white cultural superiority—as well as gender stereotypes. Only a few western communities have reexamined these values and erected statues with more inclusive imagery.

Blending western history, visual culture, and memory studies, Prescott’s pathbreaking analysis is enhanced by a rich selection of color and black-and-white photographs depicting the statues along with detailed maps that chronologically chart the emergence of pioneer monuments.

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List of Illustrations
Enshrining White Civilization in Early Pioneer Monuments
Venerating Pioneer
Memory and Modernity in Postwar Family Monuments
Mormon Exceptionalism Assimilation and Americanness
Conservative Commemoration and Progressive Protest
Memory Makes Money 19802005
Inclusivity and the Limits of Pioneer Memory 19902020
Public Perceptions of the American Pioneer Past
Monuments Keyed to Maps in This Study

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About the author (2019)

Cynthia Culver Prescott is Associate Professor of History at the University of North Dakota. She is the author of Gender and Generation on the Far Western Frontier and numerous articles on western history, the anthropology of commemoration, and quilt studies.

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