Foundations of Environmental Physics: Understanding Energy Use and Human Impacts

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Island Press, Jun 30, 2010 - Science - 432 pages
Foundations of Environmental Physics is designed to focus students on the current energy and environmental problems facing society, and to give them the critical thinking and computational skills needed to sort out potential solutions. From its pedagogical approach, students learn that a simple calculation based on first principles can often reveal the plausibility (or implausibility) of a proposed solution or new technology.

Throughout its chapters, the text asks students to apply key concepts to current data (which they are required to locate using the Internet and other sources) to get a clearer picture of the most pressing issues in environmental science. The text begins by exploring how changes in world population impact all aspects of the environment, particularly with respect to energy use. It then discusses what the first and second laws of thermodynamics tell us about renewable and nonrenewable energy; how current energy use is changing the global climate; and how alternative technologies can be evaluated through scientific risk assessment. In approaching real-world problems, students come to understand the physical principles that underlie scientific findings.

This informative and engaging textbook offers what prospective scientists, managers, and policymakers need most: the knowledge to understand environmental threats and the skills to find solutions.
 

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Contents

Population Growth and Environmental Impacts
1
Efficiency and the First Law of Thermodynamics
39
Efficiency and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
95
Nonrenewable Energy
133
Renewable Energy
181
Energy Storage
221
Climate and Climate Change
271
Risk and Economics
325
Conclusion
385
Useful Constants and Conversions
391
Error Analysis
395
Index
407
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About the author (2010)

Kyle Forinash is Professor of Physics at Indiana University Southeast, in New Albany, Indiana. He has published papers in non-linear dynamics and theoretical biophysics in addition to pedagogical papers about the use of computers and the Internet in introductory physics courses and for distance learning. He is co-author of Mathematical Methods in Physics: Partial Differential Equations, Fourier Series, andSpecial Functions.

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