Shifting Baselines: The Past and the Future of Ocean Fisheries
Jeremy B.C. Jackson, Karen E. Alexander, Enric Sala
Island Press, Jun 22, 2012 - Nature - 312 pages
Shifting Baselines explores the real-world implications of a groundbreaking idea: we must understand the oceans of the past to protect the oceans of the future. In 1995, acclaimed marine biologist Daniel Pauly coined the term "shifting baselines" to describe a phenomenon of lowered expectations, in which each generation regards a progressively poorer natural world as normal. This seminal volume expands on Pauly's work, showing how skewed visions of the past have led to disastrous marine policies and why historical perspective is critical to revitalize fisheries and ecosystems.
Edited by marine ecologists Jeremy Jackson and Enric Sala, and historian Karen Alexander, the book brings together knowledge from disparate disciplines to paint a more realistic picture of past fisheries. The authors use case studies on the cod fishery and the connection between sardine and anchovy populations, among others, to explain various methods for studying historic trends and the intricate relationships between species. Subsequent chapters offer recommendations about both specific research methods and effective management. This practical information is framed by inspiring essays by Carl Safina and Randy Olson on a personal experience of shifting baselines and the importance of human stories in describing this phenomenon to a broad public.
While each contributor brings a different expertise to bear, all agree on the importance of historical perspective for effective fisheries management. Readers, from students to professionals, will benefit enormously from this informed hindsight.
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Shifting Baselines: The Past and the Future of Ocean FisheriesUser Review - Book Verdict
This compilation of papers by fisheries biologists and historians arose out of a 2003 conference on marine biodiversity held at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California ... Read full review
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abundance analysis Atlantic cod Bank Banquereau Beverly vessels biological biomass CalCOFI California Cooperative Oceanic California Current Captain Caribbean catch century climate change coastal cod stocks collapse commercial communities conservation Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries coral reefs cultural decades decline degradation depletion ecologists Ecology economic editors effects El Niņo England environment environmental Erlandson estimates extinct figure fish stocks fisheries management fishermen fleet food webs genetic global gray whales Gulf of Maine historians historical human impacts humpback whales increase Island J.B.C. Jackson Lotze MacCall marine ecosystems Marine Science models NARA Waltham RG36 natural Newfoundland North Atlantic northern anchovy Oceanic Fisheries Investigations oceanographic overfishing Pacific sardine Palumbi Pandolfi past Pauly pelagic percent Peruvian anchoveta recent reconstruct records recruitment Research Rosenberg sardine Sardinops scales schooners scientists Scotian Shelf sediments shifting baselines small pelagic spatial spawning species stock assessment Sumaila T.P. Hughes tion trajectories trends variability