Climate Change and Pacific Islands: Indicators and Impacts: Report for the 2012 Pacific Islands Regional Climate Assessment

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Island Press, Feb 15, 2013 - Science - 200 pages
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Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, Climate Change and the Pacific Islands was developed by the Pacific Islands Regional Climate Assessment, a collaborative effort engaging federal, state, and local government agencies, non-government organizations, academician, businesses, and community groups to inform and prioritize their activities in the face of a changing climate. The book assesses the state of knowledge about climate change indicators, impacts, and adaptive capacity of the Hawaiian archipelago and the US-Affiliated Pacific Islands.The book provides the basis for understanding the key observations and impacts from climate change in the region, including the rise in surface air and sea-surface temperatures, along with sea levels, and the changes in ocean chemistry, rainfall amount and distribution, weather extremes, and widespread ecosystem changes.Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity and offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region's inhabitants in the decades to come.
 

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Contents

Pacific Islands Region Overview
1
Freshwater and Drought on Pacific Islands
35
Sea Level and Coastal Inundation on Pacific Islands
65
Marine Freshwater and Terrestrial Ecosystems on Pacific Islands
89
Conclusions
119
Glossaries Related to Weather and Climate in the Pacific Islands
123
Future Regional Climate Modeling and Projections
124
Members of the Pacific Assessment Core Science Team
134
Members of the Pacific Assessment Steering Committee
136
PIRCA Water and Drought Technical Workshop November 17 2011
137
PIRCA SeaLevel Rise and Coastal Inundation Extremes Methodologies Indicators Impacts and Visualization Workshop January 1012 2012
140
PIRCA Ecosystems technical Workshop January 1819 2012
145
Summary of Workshop Evaluations
148
References
150
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About the author (2013)


Dr. Victoria Keener is a Research Fellow at the East-West Center in Honolulu, Hawai`i, and the Program Manager of the Pacific RISA. Dr. John Marra is the NOAA Climate Services Director for the Pacific Region and the Director of the Pacific Climate Information System (PaCIS). Dr. Melissa Finucane is a Senior Fellow at the East West Center in Honolulu, Hawaii, and a PI of the Pacific RISA program. Deanna Spooner is the Coordinator of the Pacific Islands Climate Change Cooperative (PICCC). Margaret Smith was the PIRCA report coordinator, and a Physical Sciences Librarian at New York University.

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