Global Neorealism: The Transnational History of a Film Style

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Saverio Giovacchini, Robert Sklar
University Press of Mississippi, Dec 1, 2011 - Performing Arts - 272 pages

Intellectual, cultural, and film historians have long considered neorealism the founding block of post-World War II Italian cinema. Neorealism, the traditional story goes, was an Italian film style born in the second postwar period and aimed at recovering the reality of Italy after the sugarcoated moving images of Fascism. Lasting from 1945 to the early 1950s, neorealism produced world-renowned masterpieces such as Roberto Rossellini's Roma, cittą aperta (Rome, Open City, 1945) and Vittorio De Sica's Ladri di biciclette (Bicycle Thieves, 1947). These films won some of the most prestigious film awards of the immediate postwar period and influenced world cinema.

This collection brings together distinguished film scholars and cultural historians to complicate this nation-based approach to the history of neorealism. The traditional story notwithstanding, the meaning and the origins of the term are problematic. What does neorealism really mean, and how Italian is it? Italian filmmakers were wary of using the term and Rossellini preferred "realism." Many filmmakers confessed to having greatly borrowed from other cinemas, including French, Soviet, and American.

Divided into three sections, Global Neorealism examines the history of this film style from the 1930s to the 1970s using a global and international perspective. The first section examines the origins of neorealism in the international debate about realist esthetics in the 1930s. The second section discusses how this debate about realism was "Italianized" and coalesced into Italian "neorealism" and explores how critics and film distributors participated in coining the term. Finally, the third section looks at neorealism's success outside of Italy and examines how film cultures in Latin America, Asia, and the United States adjusted the style to their national and regional situations.

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About the author (2011)

Saverio Giovacchini, College Park, Maryland, a cultural and intellectual historian, is associate professor of history at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is the author of Hollywood Modernism: Film and Politics in the Age of the New Deal.

Robert Sklar, New York, New York, a film historian and critic, is professor emeritus of cinema at Tisch School of the Arts, New York University. He is author of the prize-winning film history books Movie-Made America: A Cultural History of American Movies and Film: An International History of the Medium, as well as several other books.

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