## The Rise of the Wave Theory of Light: Optical Theory and Experiment in the Early Nineteenth Century"No one interested in the history of optics, the history of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century physics, or the general phenomenon of theory change in science can afford to ignore Jed Buchwald's well-structured, highly detailed, and scrupulously researched book. . . . Buchwald's analysis will surely constitute the essential starting point for further work on this important and hitherto relatively neglected episode of theory change."—John Worrall, Isis |

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### Contents

Theory | 6 |

The Concept of Polarization | 41 |

Arago and the Discovery of Chromatic Polarization | 67 |

Mobile Polarization | 86 |

Fresnels Ray Theory of Diffraction | 111 |

A Case of Mutual Misunderstanding | 237 |

Selectionists and Polarization after 1815 | 252 |

Fresnels Final Unification | 260 |

Appendixes | 311 |

Notes | 423 |

References | 457 |

469 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

according amplitude angle appear Arago assumed axes axis beam Biot Biot's Brewster bundle calculate chromatic colors completely components compute Consequently considered construction contains continued crystal depends detail determine difference difficult diffraction direction directly discussion distance double edge effect emerges emission entirely equal equation experiment explain expression extraordinary fact forces formulas Fresnel fringes front given gives Huygens's integral intensity interference internal kind lamina later least light Malus Malus's means measured memoir method mirror natural nearly Newton's normal observations obtain occur optic ordinary original oscillation parallel partial path perpendicular phase physical plane of incidence plane of polarization polarized light possible precisely present principal section principle problem produce radiation ratio rays reflection refraction remains remarked respect rings seems selectionist shadow simple single speeds Suppose surface thickness tints tion understanding wave theory