History at the Limit of World-history

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Columbia University Press, 2003 - History - 128 pages
2 Reviews

The past is not just, as has been famously said, another country with foreign customs: it is a contested and colonized terrain. Indigenous histories have been expropriated, eclipsed, sometimes even wholly eradicated, in the service of imperialist aims buttressed by a distinctly Western philosophy of history. Ranajit Guha, perhaps the most influential figure in postcolonial and subaltern studies at work today, offers a critique of such historiography by taking issue with the Hegelian concept of World-history. That concept, he contends, reduces the course of human history to the amoral record of states and empires, great men and clashing civilizations. It renders invisible the quotidian experience of ordinary people and casts off all that came before it into the nether-existence known as "Prehistory."

On the Indian subcontinent, Guha believes, this Western way of looking at the past was so successfully insinuated by British colonization that few today can see clearly its ongoing and pernicious influence. He argues that to break out of this habit of mind and go beyond the Eurocentric and statist limit of World-history historians should learn from literature to make their narratives doubly inclusive: to extend them in scope not only to make room for the pasts of the so-called peoples without history but to address the historicality of everyday life as well. Only then, as Guha demonstrates through an examination of Rabindranath Tagore's critique of historiography, can we recapture a more fully human past of "experience and wonder."


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User Review  - ulfhjorr - LibraryThing

Guha takes on Hegel's vision of world history and fails miserably. While Hegel's world history has many problems inherent in the philosophy, Guha doesn't adress these. Rather, he tries to take Hegel on head-to-head and comes up lacking because he misinterprets Hegel's writings. Read full review


Historicality and the Prose of the World
The Prose of History or The Invention of WorldHistory
Experience Wonder and the Pathos of Historicality
Epilogue The Poverty of Historiography a Poets Reproach
Historicality in Literature Rabindranath Tagore

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About the author (2003)

Ranajit Guha is founding editor of Subaltern Studies and author of a number of celebrated books, including Dominance Without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India. He has held various research and teaching positions in India, England, the United States, and Australia. He currently lives in Austria.

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