Virtual Reality: Scientific and Technological Challenges

Front Cover

Despite widespread interest in virtual reality, research and development efforts in synthetic environments (SE)--the field encompassing virtual environments, teleoperation, and hybrids--have remained fragmented.
Virtual Reality is the first integrated treatment of the topic, presenting current knowledge along with thought-provoking vignettes about a future where SE is commonplace.
This volume discusses all aspects of creating a system that will allow human operators to see, hear, smell, taste, move about, give commands, respond to conditions, and manipulate objects effectively in a real or virtual environment. The committee of computer scientists, engineers, and psychologists on the leading edge of SE development explores the potential applications of SE in the areas of manufacturing, medicine, education, training, scientific visualization, and teleoperation in hazardous environments.
The committee also offers recommendations for development of improved SE technology, needed studies of human behavior and evaluation of SE systems, and government policy and infrastructure.

 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
OVERVIEW
13
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
91
Computer Hardware and Software for the Generation of Virtual Environments
247
Telerobotics
304
Networking and Communications
362
Evaluation of Synthetic Environment Systems
373
APPLICATIONS
381
Systems
387
References
444
APPENDIXES
454
Sketches
519
Specific
526
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