Math on Trial: How Numbers Get Used and Abused in the Courtroom

Front Cover
Basic Books, Mar 12, 2013 - Mathematics - 272 pages
0 Reviews
In the wrong hands, math can be deadly. Even the simplest numbers can become powerful forces when manipulated by politicians or the media, but in the case of the law, your liberty—and your life—can depend on the right calculation.

In Math on Trial, mathematicians Leila Schneps and Coralie Colmez describe ten trials spanning from the nineteenth century to today, in which mathematical arguments were used—and disastrously misused—as evidence. They tell the stories of Sally Clark, who was accused of murdering her children by a doctor with a faulty sense of calculation; of nineteenth-century tycoon Hetty Green, whose dispute over her aunt’s will became a signal case in the forensic use of mathematics; and of the case of Amanda Knox, in which a judge’s misunderstanding of probability led him to discount critical evidence—which might have kept her in jail. Offering a fresh angle on cases from the nineteenth-century Dreyfus affair to the murder trial of Dutch nurse Lucia de Berk, Schneps and Colmez show how the improper application of mathematical concepts can mean the difference between walking free and life in prison.

A colorful narrative of mathematical abuse, Math on Trial blends courtroom drama, history, and math to show that legal expertise isn’t always enough to prove a person innocent.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

MATH ERROR NUMBER 2 UNJUSTIFIED ESTIMATES
23
MATH ERROR NUMBER 3 TRYING TO GET SOMETHING FROM NOTHING
39
MATH ERROR NUMBER 4 DOUBLE EXPERIMENT
61
MATH ERROR NUMBER 5 THE BIRTHDAY PROBLEM
87
MATH ERROR NUMBER 6 SIMPSONS PARADOX
107
MATH ERROR NUMBER 7 THE INCREDIBLE COINCIDENCE
121
MATH ERROR NUMBER 8 UNDERESTIMATION
147
MATH ERROR NUMBER 9 CHOOSING A WRONG MODEL
167
A Battle of Wills 167 MATH ERROR NUMBER 10 MATHEMATICAL MADNESS
237
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2013)

Leila Schneps studied mathematics at Harvard University and now holds a research position at the University of Paris, France. She has taught mathematics for nearly 30 years. Schneps’s daughter, Coralie Colmez, graduated with a First from Cambridge University in 2009, and now lives in London where she teaches and writes about mathematics. They both belong to the Bayes in Law Research Consortium, an international team devoted to improving the use of probability and statistics in criminal trials.

Bibliographic information