Computational Linguistics: An Introduction
In spite of the rapid growth of interest in the computer analysis of language, this book provides an integrated introduction to the field. Inevitably, when many different approaches are still being considered, a straightforward work of synthesis would be neither possible nor practicable. Nevertheless, Ralph Grishman provides a valuable survey of various approaches to the problems of syntax analysis, semantic analysis, text analysis and natural language generation, while considering in greater detail those that seem to him most productive. The book is written for readers with some background in computer science and finite mathematics, but advanced knowledge of programming languages or compilers is not necessary and nor is a background in linguistics. The exposition is always clear and students will find the exercises and extensive bibliography supporting the text particularly helpful.
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What is computational linguistics?
12 Computational and theoretical linguistics
13 Computational linguistics as engineering
14 The structure of this survey a tree diagram
22 Is syntax analysis necessary?
23 Phrasestructure languages
35 Anaphora resolution
36 Analyzing sentence fragments
37 Using the logical form
Discourse analysis and information structuring
41 Text grammar
42 Organizing world knowledge
scripts and plans
26 Augmented contextfree parsers
27 Other phrasestructure grammars
28 Analyzing adjuncts
29 Analyzing coordinate conjunction
210 Parsing with probability and graded acceptability
31 Formal languages for meaning representation
32 Translation to logical form
33 Semantic constraints
34 Conceptual analyzers
adjuncts algorithm alternative analysis anaphora antecedent applied approach argument ASSERTION associated augmented base called classes complex component computational linguistics consider constituents constraints construct context-free grammar corresponding create data base deep structure defined definite derivation described determine developed discourse discussed domain effect elements English entity example expression figure formalism frame give given goal input involved John knowledge logical form Mary match means modifiers names natural language node noun phrase object operations parse parse tree parser partial particular patterns possible predicate present problems procedure production PROLOG pronouns quantifier question refer relations relative replace representation represented restrictions reverse transformations rules script semantic sentence sequence simple slots specify string surface symbols syntactic terminal theory transformational grammar translation tree true understanding verb write