Religions of Rome: Volume 2, A Sourcebook

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 28, 1998 - History - 416 pages
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Volume 1 offers a radical new survey of more than a thousand years of religious life in Rome, from the foundation of the city to its rise to world empire and its conversion to Christianity. It sets religion in its full cultural context, between the primitive hamlet of the eighth century BC and the cosmopolitan, multicultural society of the first centuries of the Christian era. Volume 2 reveals the extraordinary diversity of ancient Roman religion. A comprehensive sourcebook, it presents a wide range of documents illustrating religious life in the Roman world - from the foundations of the city in the eighth century BC to the Christian capital more than a thousand years later. Each document is given a full introduction, explanatory notes and bibliography, and acts as a starting point for further discussion. Through paintings, sculptures, coins and inscriptions, as well as literary texts in translation, the book explores the major themes and problems of Roman religion, such as sacrifice, the religious calendar, divination, ritual, and priesthood. Starting from the archaeological traces of the earliest cults of the city, it finishes with a series of texts in which Roman authors themselves reflect on the nature of their own religion, its history, even its funny side. Judaism and Christianity are given full coverage, as important elements in the religious world of the Roman empire.
 

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Contents

Earliest Rome
1
The deities of Rome
26
The calendar
60
Religious places
78
Festivals and ceremonies
116
Sacrifices
148
Divination and diviners
166
Priests and priestesses
194
Religious groups
288
Perspectives
349
Glossary
365
Deities and their epithets
369
Bibliography
371
2 Secondary literature
375
Details of illustrations
402
Index of texts cited
405

Individuals and gods life and death
216
Rome outside Rome
239
Threats to the Roman order
260

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