Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 25, 1996 - Nature - 511 pages
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The first part of the volume deals with general structural and biological features of flowers and shows facets of their diversity. The second part focuses on the flowers of selected tropical plants and emphasizes their structural and biological idiosyncrasies and evolutionary features. The author also outlines new trends in the study of floral evolution and the role of flowers in the study of flowering plant phylogeny.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
12 Tropical flowers
4
an introductory example
5
Floral organization bauplan groundplan
9
22 Perianth
12
222 Development
13
223 Diversity
15
224 Additional functions
23
67 Allogamy and autogamy outbreeding and inbreeding chasmogamy and cleistogamy
199
68 Mate choice male and female allocation
203
The process of anthesis
206
72 Flower longevity
207
73 Rhythmicity and synchrony of anthesis
210
75 Flowers that are pollinated by trapliners
212
76 Flowering in communities staggered flowering guilds
213
Floral diversity and evolution of selected systematic groups in the tropics
216

225 Evolutionary aspects
25
23 Androecium
28
233 Diversity
33
234 Additional functions
43
235 Evolutionary aspects
44
24 Gynoeciuin
45
242 Development
56
an example
60
244 Diversity
63
245 Additional functions
84
246 Evolutionary aspects
85
25 Arrangement patterns of the structural units floral phyllotaxis
92
252 Simple patterns
93
253 More complicated patterns
98
254 Evolutionary aspects
103
Floral construction architecture gestalt
105
the struggle for space and protection in floral buds
108
33 Flowers with open access to the centre and to rewards
110
34 Flowers with canalized access to the centre or to other sites with rewards
113
35 Monosymmetric and polysymmetric flowers
116
36 Flagflowers papilionate flowers and lipflowers
117
37 Trapflowers
119
Floral adaptation to different pollinators mode style
122
41 Flowers pollinated by animals
124
412 Diptera
127
413 Coleoptera
129
414 Lepidoptera
131
415 Thysanoptera
136
417 Bats
141
418 Nonflying mammals
142
42 Flowers pollinated by abiotic agents
143
422 Water
145
Special differentiations associated with pollinator attraction
148
52 Nectaries nectar and nectarflowers
155
53 Elaiophores floral oil and oilflowers
162
54 Resin glands and resinflowers
166
56 Evolutionary relationships between pollenflowers nectarflowers oilflowers perfumeflowers and resinflowers
171
57 Optical displays visual cues
172
572 Surface effects and colour patterns
175
573 Evolutionary aspects
181
58 Tactile guides
183
510 Mimicry in flowers
187
Special differentiations associated with the breeding system
189
bisexual and unisexual flowers monoecy and dioecy
190
62 Dichogamy
191
63 Herkogamy
194
64 Heterostyly
195
65 Selfincompatibility and selfcompatibility
196
66 Agamospermy
198
811 Annonaceae
217
812 Eupomatiaceae
221
813 Degeneriaceae
223
814 Austrobaileyaceae
224
815 Winteraceae
225
82 Laurales Magnoliidae
229
822 Monimiaceae
230
83 Aristolochiales Magnoliidae
232
832 Rafflesiaceae
236
84 Lecythidales Dilleniidae
241
85 Violates Dilleniidae
249
86 Fabales Rosidae
257
861 Caesalpiniaceae
260
862 Mimosaceae
281
863 Fabaceae
287
864 Parallel evolutionary trends
299
87 Gentianales Asteridae
302
872 Evolutionary steps towards the asclepiad flowers
313
88 Scrophulariales Asteridae
320
881 Scrophulariaceae
321
882 Gesneriaceae
322
883 Bignoniaceae
326
884 Acanthaceae
328
885 Evolutionary plasticity and parallel evolutionary trends involving more than one family of the Scrophulariales including Verbenaceae Lamiacea...
335
89 Zingiberales Zingiberidae
350
891 Musaceae
351
892 Strelitziaceae
352
893 Heliconiaceae
355
894 Zingiberaceae
358
895 Costaceae
363
896 Marantaceae
365
810 Orchidales Liliidae
367
Salient aspects of flower evolution
391
92 Recent advances in the study of flower evolution
392
922 Early fossil angiosperm flowers
394
923 Molecular genetics of flower development
395
93 Major events in the evolution of angiosperm flowers
396
94 Principles and traits of flower evolution and their role in phylogenetic reconstructions
399
942 The role of the different evolutionary levels
400
the evolutionary interpretation of peculiar floral features
401
944 Parallel evolution and the evolution of unique traits in flowers
402
Prospects
404
what should we know?
405
References
407
Glossary
464
Appendix
476
Taxonomic index plants and animals
481
General index
499
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Page 460 - Webb. 1986. The avoidance of interference between the presentation of pollen and stigmas in angiosperms. I. Dichogamy.
Page 446 - F. (1988) The genera of Chrysobalanaceae: a study in practical and theoretical taxonomy and its relevance to evolutionary biology.

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