Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: The Human Development Sequence
Cambridge University Press, Aug 8, 2005 - Political Science - 333 pages
This book demonstrates that people's basic values and beliefs are changing, in ways that affect their political, sexual, economic, and religious behavior. These changes are roughly predictable because they can be interpreted on the basis of a revised version of modernization theory presented here. Drawing on a massive body of evidence from societies containing 85% of the world's population, the authors demonstrate that modernization is a process of human development, in which economic development triggers cultural changes that make individual autonomy, gender equality, and democracy increasingly likely.
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analysis authoritarian Belarus civic civil and political communist correlation countries Croatia cultural change cultural zone democ democratic democratic institutions demonstrates differences eastern ex-communist economic effective democracy elite integrity elite-challenging activities emancipative emergence emphasis on self-expression emphasize self-expression values ex-communist societies existential existential security expression values factors Figure formal democracy freedom Freedom House gender equality homosexuality human choice human development impact on democracy increasingly indicates individual-level industrial Inglehart intergenerational Internet Appendix interpersonal trust Islamic Latvia levels of democracy liberal democracy liberty aspirations linkage linked low-income societies mass values measures Nigeria norms one’s people’s percent percentage political liberties postindustrial societies postmaterialism postmaterialist values predictions racy reflect relatively rising self-expression values Romania scores secular-rational values self-expression values shift Slovakia Slovenia social capital societal level society’s socioeconomic development socioeconomic resources South Korea support for democracy survival values tend tion Values Surveys variables West Germany widespread World Values Survey