Gender and Social Movements

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Rowman Altamira, 2001 - Social Science - 188 pages
Do men and women experience participation in social movements differently? Are gender roles reproduced or undermined during a struggle for liberation? In this brief text examining gender roles in social movements, M. Bahati Kuumba shows how liberation struggles are viewed through women's eyes and how gender affects women's mobilization, strategies, and outcomes in social movement organizations. Using two well-known examples, the American civil rights movement and the South African national liberation movement, Kuumba documents the circumscribed roles of women, the unheralded role of movement leaders such as Ella Baker and Frances Baard, and how gender affected movement activities and results. Gender and Social Movements is the ideal text to introduce a sophisticated view of race and gender into social movement courses.
 

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Contents

The Social Movement as Gendered Terrain
1
What Are Social Movements and Why Study Them?
3
Contested Social Terrain
9
Social Movements through a Gender Lens
13
Transforming the Sociology of Social Movements
21
Background and History The Case Studies in Comparative Gender Perspective
23
Why These Movements? Background and Historical Context
24
Gender Intersecting RaceClass Domination
29
The Mesolevel
75
Grievances Action Frames and Identities
87
A Synthesis of the Macro Meso and Microlevels
93
Social Resistance Strategies The Myth of Gender Neutrality
95
The Structuring of Social Protest
97
Gender Symmetry and Asymmetry in Resistance Strategies
99
Womens Political Cultures
107
Beyond the Myth of Gender Neutral Strategy
114

Gender Integration and Parallelism in Social Movements
31
Civil Rights and Black Power in the United States
32
The AntiApartheid Movement in South Africa
39
Toward Comparative Gendered Social Movement Analysis
45
Theorizing Gender in Social Movements
47
Theorizing Social Movements
48
Macro Meso and Microlevels
49
The Political Process Model
51
Resource Mobilization Theory
53
New Social Movement Theories
56
Emergent Theory from Movement Lives
57
The AntiPass Campaign and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
58
From Application and Critique to Transformation
64
Getting Fired Up Gendered Factors in Movement Mobilization
67
The Macrolevel Dimension
69
Repercussions Gendered Interests and Social Movement Outcomes
117
Strategic Practical and Interactive
119
Whats Gender Got to Do with It?
123
Civil Rights and AntiApartheid Outcomes
126
Trends in Gendered Social Movement Research
138
Appendix 1 Womens Charter Adopted at the Founding Conference of the Federation of South African Women Johannesburg 17 April 1954
141
WHAT IS THE FIRST THING A MOTHER THINKS OF?
146
THE DEMAND OF THE WOMEN OF SOUTH AFRICA FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF PASSES FOR WOMEN AND THE REPEAL OF THE PAS...
149
MALIBONGWE CONFERENCE PROGRAMME OF ACTION excerpt
151
SNCC POSITION PAPER Women in the Movement
153
Black Radical Congress Principles of Unity
156
REFERENCES
159
INDEX
179
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
187
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

M. Bahati Kuumba is Associate Professor and Associate Director of the Women's Research and Resource Center at Spelman College.

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