Tobacco Use Among U. S. Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups: African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, Hispanics

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DIANE Publishing, 1999 - Medical - 332 pages
 

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Page 177 - diagnostic criteria for substance dependence A maladaptive pattern of substance use, leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by three or more of the following
Page 137 - Cigarette smoking is causally related to lung cancer in men; the magnitude of the effect far outweighs all other factors. The data for women, though less extensive, point in the same direction
Page 176 - Criteria for drug dependence Primary criteria Highly controlled or compulsive use Psychoactive effects Drug-reinforced behavior Additional criteria Addictive behavior often involves— Stereotypie patterns of use use despite harmful effects relapse following abstinence recurrent drug cravings Dependence-producing drugs often produce— tolerance physical dependence pleasant (euphoric) effects Source:
Page 6 - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Page 131 - National Center for Health Statistics. Plan and Operation of the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1982-84. Vital and Health Statistics. Series 1, No. 19. Hyattsville (MD): US Department of Health
Page ix - Kenneth E. Warner, Ph.D., Richard D. Remington Collegiate Professor of Public Health, Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Page 7 - four racial groups (American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, black, and white) and two ethnic categories (Hispanic origin and not of Hispanic origin).

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