Across a Great Divide: Continuity and Change in Native North American Societies, 1400-1900
Laura L. Scheiber, Mark D. Mitchell
University of Arizona Press, Feb 15, 2010 - Social Science - 342 pages
Archaeological research is uniquely positioned to show how native history and native culture affected the course of colonial interaction, but to do so it must transcend colonialist ideas about Native American technological and social change. This book applies that insight to five hundred years of native history. Using data from a wide variety of geographical, temporal, and cultural settings, the contributors examine economic, social, and political stability and transformation in indigenous societies before and after the advent of Europeans and document the diversity of native colonial experiences. The bookÕs case studies range widely, from sixteenth-century Florida, to the Great Plains, to nineteenth-century coastal Alaska.
The contributors address a series of interlocking themes. Several consider the role of indigenous agency in the processes of colonial interaction, paying particular attention to gender and status. Others examine the ways long-standing native political economies affected, and were in turn affected by, colonial interaction. A third group explores colonial-period ethnogenesis, emphasizing the emergence of new native social identities and relations after 1500. The book also highlights tensions between the detailed study of local cases and the search for global processes, a recurrent theme in postcolonial research.
If archaeologists are to bridge the artificial divide separating history from prehistory, they must overturn a whole range of colonial ideas about American Indians and their history. This book shows that empirical archaeological research can help replace long-standing models of indigenous culture change rooted in colonialist narratives with more nuanced, multilinear models of changeÑand play a major role in decolonizing knowledge about native peoples.
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Across a Great Divide: Continuity and Change in Native North American ...
Laura L. Scheiber,Mark D. Mitchell
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Algonquin Apache Apalachee archaeological data artifacts Athapaskan Bryson-Paddock chapter chert Chesapeake chiefdom Chumash clans colonial colonists communities contexts continued Creek culture change deerskin trade demographic Dinétah domestic early Navajo eighteenth elite end scrapers European evidence fish Florence-A chert foodways Fox box Frink Graesch groups Hantman household hunting identity Indians indigenous histories individuals interaction Iroquois Island Chumash Jamestown Jemez JOPA Jordan Kulisheck Lake Jackson Little River focus long-term Lower Walnut focus material culture men’s metal micos Mission period missionaries Monacans moral economy Mountains narratives Native American nativist Navajo nineteenth century North America occupied patterns Plains political population Potawatomi Powhatan practices Press processes Pueblo Pueblo Revolt region ritual satellite Scarry Scheiber Sempowski Seneca Seneca territory settlement seventeenth century sheep traps Shoshone Silliman social society Southwest Spanish Stó:lô structures subsistence suggest technologies tion trade traditional Uncas University upper Pecos Vehik villages Wichita women Wray Yup’ik