Transcortical aphasias is the term used for syndromes in which the ability to repeat language is relatively preserved despite marked disturbances in other linguistic domains. Although there are a number of well-known reference texts on language disturbances after acquired brain damage that uncover the classical syndromes of aphasia (e.g. conduction aphasia) in a comprehensive fashion, this monograph is unique in its coverage of the different clinical, linguistic, and neuroanatomical aspects of transcortical aphasias.
This book offers a comprehensive, contemporary and scholarly account of transcortical aphasias by combining valuable information upon cognitive neuropsychology, neuroimaging and functional localization of residual repetition and other language functions among patients with transcortical aphasias.
The book covers: historical aspects; assessment of language deficits from a clinical and psycholinguistic perspective; clinical phenomenology, aetiology, neural substrates, and linguistic mechanisms underlying each of the three clinically established variants of transcortical aphasias (motor, sensory, and mixed); associated phenomena such as echolalia, completion phenomenon, automatic speech, and prosody; and neuroanatomical correlates including structural and functional neuroimaging. Each chapter presents the description of original and published cases which illustrate the various clinical patterns of transcortical aphasias.
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ability affective prosody anomia aphasic patients aspects Assal assessment associated auditory comprehension automatic behaviour Benson Berthier brain Broca's area bromocriptine caudate nucleus cerebral artery clinical cognitive conduction aphasia correct cortical damage dissociation echographia echolalia echolalic echopraxia EPS group examination fluency fluent frontal lobe Geschwind global aphasia Goldstein Goodglass gyrus HCEM Heilman intact intonation ischaemic infarction Kertesz language deficits language functions left hemisphere left perisylvian language lesions lesions involving lexical Lichtheim linguistic MTCA neuroimaging Neurology Neuropsychology nonwords normal object naming oral reading paraphasias patients with TCSA pattern performance perisylvian language cortex phonological phrases posterior preserved repetition prosody PVWM regions relatively preserved repeat repetition of words reported responses right hemisphere Rubens scan semantic paraphasias sentence repetition showed speech area speech centres spontaneous speech Starkstein Stengel subcortical subtest syndrome tasks TCMA temporal testing tion transcortical motor aphasia transcortical sensory aphasia verbal output visual Warrington Wernicke's Wernicke's area white matter
Page 234 - Critchley, M. (1964). The neurology of psychotic speech. British Journal of Psychiatry, 110, 353-364.