Ancient Egyptian Science: Calendars, clocks, and astronomy
This volume is part of Marshall Clagett's three-volume study of the various aspects of science of Ancient Egypt. Volume Two covers calendars, clocks, and astonomical monuments. Within each area of treatment there is a fair chronology evident as benefits a historical work covering three millenia of activity. Includes more than 100 illustrations of documents and scientific objects.
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Akhet Amenhotep ancient Egyptian astronomical astronomical ceiling beginning Borchardt Brugsch celestial diagram Chronologie civil calendar coffin column constellations cycle decanal stars decans Decree of Canopus deities Dendera depicted Determined Document III.3 Duamutef Duat Dynasty Ebers Calendar Edfu Egypt Egyptian Astronomical Texts epagomenal days festival given glyph Heart i.e. heliacal rising hieroglyphic Hippopotamus Horus Hour 12 hourly decans I I I Ibid IIII inflow clock inscription Jahre Karnak Left Eye i.e. lunar calendar lunar month Medina Habu meridian Monat Neugebauer and Parker night nighttime northern constellations old lunar Opposite the Heart Orion Papyrus Peret Plate Ramesses Ramesses III Ramesseum Ramesside star clock reign Right Eye i.e. rising of Sirius rising of Sothis scales season Senmut Sethe Seti shadow clock Shemu Shoulder i.e. solstice Sothis star clock temple third register Thoth tpy-c translation vertical water clock wp rnpt zodiac
Page 421 - Nous avons donc ici une table des influences, analogue à celle qu'on avait gravée sur le fameux cercle doré du monument d'Osimandyas, et qui donnait, comme le dit Diodore de Sicile, les heures du lever des constellations avec les influences de chacune d'elles. Cela démontrera sans réplique
Page 407 - days. Each column contains thirteen entries, one for the beginning of the night, and one for each of the twelve hours. Throughout the Calendar a star occurs in one of seven positions, "the middle," the right eye, ear or shoulder, or the left eye, ear or shoulder. The position is not merely described in words, but
Page 412 - some years back, first of all to ascertain the date at which the Calendar was drawn up, and, secondly, to identify a certain number of the asterisms which it contains. The method which I adopted was this: "Whatever may have been the length of the Egyptian hours of the night, the sixth
Page 413 - This inference of date," as the Astronomer Royal remarks, "is necessarily a very vague one but from the whole nature of the case a vague date is all that can be asked for. It is sufficient for us to know that the Calendar records observations
Page 518 - (1924), pp. 43-50. Sloley, RW, "Primitive Methods of Measuring Time with Special Reference to Egypt," The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology,
Page 413 - The approximate date of the Calendar being known, the next question is, what remarkable stars at that date culminated at the intervals before and after Sirius, which are assigned by the Calendar to its asterisms? And finding, for instance, that in 1450 BC the approximate Right Ascension of
Page 422 - dissertation. The fundamental hypothesis of this dissertation is that the Calendar is a record, for astrological purposes, of the risings of stars and constellations. This hypothesis Is entirely without foundation in the Egyptian text, which contains no allusion whatever either to astrology or to risings of stars. M.
Page 408 - month, and two hours later on the thirty-first night, cannot possibly be many degrees distant from the meridian at the eleventh hour of the sixteenth night. This is true, even upon the supposition that the hours of the Calendar may vary in length according to the season.