East of Chosin: Entrapment and Breakout in Korea, 1950

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Texas A&M University Press, 1987 - History - 361 pages
Roy Appleman's East of Chosin, first published in 1987, won acclaim from reviewers, readers, and veterans and their families. For the first time, there was one complete and accessible record of what happened to the army troops trapped east of the Chosin Reservoir during the first wintry blast of the Korean War. Based heavily on the author's interviews and correspondence with the survivors, East of Chosin provided some of those men with their first clue to the fate of fellow soldiers. In November of 1950, U.S. forces had pushed deep into North Korea. Unknown to them, Chinese troops well equipped for below zero temperatures and blizzard conditions were pushing south. With the 1st Marine Division on the west side of the frozen Chosin reservoir, the army's hastily assembled 31st Regimental Combat Team, 3,000 strong, advanced up the east side of the reservoir. Task Force Faith in the extreme northern position caught the surprise Chinese attack. With rifles and vehicles often immobilized in the cold and snow, the task force struggled to retreat through a tortuous mountain gauntlet of enemy fire. With truckloads of dead and wounded trapped along on the road, a few of the 385 survivors trudged across the frozen reservoir to alert the marines to their plight. ON THE US ARMY CHIEF OF STAFF'S PROFESSIONAL READING LIST.
 

Contents

The War in Korea November 1950
3
Army Troops Assemble at Chosin Reservoir
12
The Army Occupies the Marines Forward Position
44
The Enemy at Chosin What Was Known The Unknown
50
The First Night November 2728
57
The Next Day November 28
99
The Second Night November 2829
123
The 31st Regimental Combat Team Consolidates at the Inlet
133
The Chinese Block at Hill 1221
233
The Chinese Destroy the Convoy
257
Those Who Escaped to Hagaruri
278
The Question of a Relief Force
293
American and Enemy Losses
300
Could Task Force Faith Have Been Saved?
305
Epilogue
330
Some Thoughts on Contrasts in Factors Affecting the 1st Marine Division and the Army 31st RCT at Chosin Reservoir
336

Captain Drakes Second Tank Attack November 29
157
The 2nd Battalion 31st Infantry Fails to Arrive
160
MacArthur Calls a Conference November 28
168
The Third NightTask Force Faith at the Inlet
172
Withdrawal from Hudongni to Hagaruri
183
The Fourth Night at the Inlet November 30December 1
188
Breakout from the Inlet Perimeter December 1
195
The First Blown Bridge
225
31st Regimental Combat Team Organization Chart 27 November 1950
341
31st Regimental Combat Team November 27 1950 Estimated Strength
342
Strength of 1st Battalion 32nd Infantry Hagaru ri 4 December 195o
344
31st Regimental Combat Team 7th Infantry Division Chosin Reservoir Operation Command and Staff List November 27 195O
345
Notes
347
Bibliographical Note
391
Index
395
Copyright

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About the author (1987)

The late Roy E. Appleman wrote five books on the "war of maneuver" in Korea, among them Ridgway Duels for Korea, which won the Truman Library Book Award. During the Korean War, he served as an army historian, interviewing troops shortly after combat. He left his papers, including all interviews related to the Chosin campaign research, to the Army History Center at Carlisle, Pennsylvania.