Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 13: The Magical Next Becomes the Medical Now

Front Cover
James D. Westwood
IOS Press, 2005 - Health & Fitness - 638 pages
Magical describes conditions that are outside our understanding of cause and effect. Even in modern societies, magic-based explanations are powerful because, given the complexity of the universe, there are so many opportunities to use them. The history of medicine is defined by progress in understanding the human body - from magical explanations to measurable results. To continue medical progress, physicians and scientists must openly question traditional models. For thirteen years, MMVR has been an incubator for technologies that create new medical understanding via the simulation, visualization, and extension of reality. Researchers create imaginary patients because they offer a more reliable and controllable experience to the novice surgeon. With imaging tools, reality is purposefully distorted to reveal to the clinician what the eye alone cannot see. Robotics and intelligence networks allow the healer's sight, hearing, touch, and judgment to be extended across distance, as if by magic. The moments when scientific truth is suddenly revealed after lengthy observation, experimentation, and measurement is the real magic. These moments are not miraculous, however. book.
 

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Contents

Dynamic Generation of Surgery Specific Simulators A Feasibility Study
1
Haptic Laparoscopic Skills Trainer with Practical User Evaluation Metrics
8
Desktop and Conference Room VR for Physicians
12
A Biologically Derived Approach to Tissue Modeling
15
Grid Enabled Remote Visualization of Medical Datasets
22
Surface Scanning Soft Tissues
29
Validation of a Bovine Rectal Palpation Simulator for Training Veterinary Students
33
Predictive Biosimulation and Virtual Patients in Pharmaceutical RD
37
Realtime Visualization of Crosssectional Data in Three Dimensions
321
Compressing Different Anatomical Data Types for the Virtual Soldier
325
A RealTime Haptic Interface for Interventional Radiology Procedures
329
An Interactive Simulation Environment for Craniofacial Surgical Procedures
334
A GPU Accelerated Spring Mass System for Surgical Simulation
342
Interactive 3D Region Extraction of Volume Data Using Deformable Boundary Object
349
Virtual Surgical Telesimulations in Otolaryngology
353
Emerging Technologies for Bioweapons Defense
356

Simulating Surgical Incisions without Polygon Subdivision
43
3D Realtime FEM Based Guide Wire Simulator with Force Feedback
50
Determining the Efficacy of an Immersive Trainer for Arthroscopy Skills
54
Comparative Analysis of Two Simulators and Two Traditional Educational Approaches
57
Validation of SimPL A Simulator for Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage Training
64
Challenges in Presenting High Dimensional Data to aid in Triage in the DARPA Virtual Soldier Project
68
A Webbased Remote Collaborative System for Visualization and Assessment of SemiAutomatic Diagnosis of Liver Cancer from CT Images
75
Heterogeneous Displays for Surgery and Surgical Simulation
79
Visualization of Treatment Evolution Using HardwareAccelerated Morphs
83
Realtime Rendering of Radially Distorted Virtual Scenes for Endoscopic Image Augmentation
87
The Medical Modeling and Simulation Database
90
The ViCCU Project Achieving Virtual Presence using Ultrabroadband Internet in a Critical Clinical Application Initial Results
94
High Stakes Assessment Using Simulation An Australian Experience
99
Formative Evaluation Findings
105
The Visible Human and Digital Anatomy Learning Initiative
108
Laparoscopic Task Recognition Using Hidden Markov Models
115
The Surgeons View
123
A VisionBased Surgical Tool Tracking Approach for Untethered Surgery Simulation and Training
126
Haptic Simulation of the Milling Process in Temporal Bone Operations
133
Soft Tissue Deformation using a Nonlinear Hierarchical Finite Element Model with RealTime Online Refinement
137
Modeling Biologic Soft Tissues for Haptic Feedback with an Hybrid Multiresolution Method
145
Implications for the Training and Evaluation of Technical Skills
149
Tearing of Membranes for Interactive RealTime Surgical Training
153
Interactive RealTime Simulation of an Endoscopic Polyp Removal
160
Surgical Robot Setup Simulation with Consistent Kinematics and Haptics for Abdominal Surgery
164
Development of a Navigation Function for an Endosocopic Robot Surgery System
167
Development of a 3D Visualization System for Surgical Field Deformation with Geometric Pattern Projection
172
In Vivo Force During Arterial Interventional Radiology Needle Puncture Procedures
178
Training for HighRisk LowFrequency Threats
185
RealTime Ultrasonography Simulator Based on 3D CTScan Images
191
Towards Evaluating Performance on a Surgical Simulator
194
Implication for the Design of Virtual Reality Simulators
201
A Networked Haptic Virtual Environment for Teaching Temporal Bone Surgery
204
RealTime Haptic Interface for VR Colonoscopy Simulation
208
Computational Simulation of Penetrating Trauma in Biological Soft Tissues using the Material Point Method
213
Adaptive Soft Tissue Deformation for a Virtual Reality Surgical Trainer
219
Simulation of Color Deficiency in Virtual Reality
223
Improving the Visual Realism of Virtual Surgery
227
ChiroSensor An Array of NonInvasive sEMG Electrodes
234
Multiple Contact Approach to Collision Modelling in Surgical Simulation
237
Visualization of Surgical 3D Information with Projectorbased Augmented Reality
243
Facial Plastic Surgery Planning Using a 3D Surface Deformation Tool
247
A Diagnostic TeleHaptic Device for Sensation of Vital Signs
251
A Study of the Method of the Video Image Presentation for the Manipulation of Forceps
255
Collaborative Biomedical Data Exploration in Distributed Virtual Environments
259
FEMBased Soft Tissue Destruction Model for Ablation Simulator
263
The VREST Learning Environment
270
Haptic Device for Colonoscopy Training Simulator
277
Developing a SimulationBased Training Program for Medical First Responders
280
A Mechanical Contact Model for the Simulation of Obstetric Forceps Delivery in a VirtualAugmented Environment
284
Report on the Use of a Rugged Wearable Handheld Device and the Concept of Information Flow throughout the Deployment of the Disaster Respons...
290
Remote Console for Virtual Telerehabilitation
294
Improved Virtual Surgical Cutting Based on Physical Experiments
301
A HapticEnabled Simulator for Cricothyroidotomy
308
An Innovative Device for Computer Assisted Surgery Systems
314
Assessment of Brain Activities in Immersive Environments
362
Evaluation of 3D Airway Imaging of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Conebeam Computed Tomography
365
MultiSensory Surgical Support System Incorporating Tactile Visual and Auditory Perception Modalities
369
Estimation of Dislocation after Total Hip Arthroplasty by 4Dimensional
372
Brain Simulator for Medical VR Application
378
A Pilot Study of a Novel Adaptive Simulation Environment
385
Immersive Visualization Training of Radiotherapy Treatment
390
Toward In Vivo Mobility
397
A Teaching Model with Undergraduate Surgery Students in a Developing Country
404
Development of a VR Therapy Application for Iraq War Military Personnel with PTSD
407
A Learning Environment for Both Experts and Novices
414
A Novel Drill Set for the Enhancement and Assessment of Robotic Surgical Performance
418
Spherical Mechanism Analysis of a Surgical Robot for Minimally Invasive Surgery Analytical and Experimental Approaches
422
Using an Ontology of Human Anatomy to Inform Reasoning with Geometric Models
429
Assessing Surgical Skill Training Under Hazardous Conditions in a Virtual Environment
436
An Automatic Robust Meshing Algorithm for Soft Tissue Modeling
443
Visualizing Volumetric Data Sets Using a Wireless Handheld Computer
447
Quantifying Risky Behavior in Surgical Simulation
451
Haptic Herniorrhaphy Simulation with Robust and Fast Collision Detection Algorithm
458
Building a Virtual Beach for Clinical Use
465
Analysis of Masticatory Muscle Condition Using the 4dimensional Muscle Model for a Patient with Square Mandible
468
Automated Renderer for Visible Human and Volumetric Scan Segmentations
473
Distributed Collaborative Radiological Visualization using Access Grid
477
Development of a Method for Surface and Subsurface Modeling Using Force and Position Sensors
482
The Physiology and Pharmacology of Growing Old as Shown in Body Simulation
488
Physiologic and Chemical Simulation of Cyanide and Sarin Toxicity and Therapy
492
Monitor Height Affects Surgeons Stress Level and Performance on Minimally Invasive Surgery Tasks
498
A New Platform for Laparoscopic Training and Education
502
Virtual Reality Testing of MultiModal Integration in Schizophrenic Patients
508
A Study of Children
515
Virtual Reality Training Improves Students Knowledge Structures of Medical Concepts
519
Emphatic Interactive Volume Rendering to Support Variance in User Expertise
526
First Clinical Tests with the Augmented Reality System INPRES
532
Construction of a HighTech Operating Room for ImageGuided Surgery using VR
538
TeleSurgical Simulation System for Training in the Use of da VinciTM Surgery
543
Building a Strategic Adaptive Response System STARS
549
Haptic Interaction and Visualization of Elastic Deformation
556
Segmenting Deformable Surface Models Using Haptic Feedback
560
Parametric Model of the Scala Tympani for HapticRendered Cochlear Implantation
564
Three Dimensional Electromechanical Model of Porcine Heart with Penetrating Wound Injury
568
Creating the Augmented Physician
574
Stiffness and Texture Perception for Teledermatology
579
A Visual Front End for Electronic Medical Records
586
Simulating the Continuous Curvilinear Capsulorhexis Procedure During Cataract Surgery on the EYESITM System
592
Using an Approximation to the Euclidean Skeleton for Efficient Collision Detection and Tissue Deformations in Surgical Simulators
596
Virtual Surgical Planning and CADCAM in the Treatment of Cranial Defects
599
New Approaches to Computerbased Interventional Neuroradiology Training
602
CAD Generated Mold for Preoperative Implant Fabrication in Cranioplasty
608
Effect of Binocular Stereopsis on Surgical Manipulation Performance and Fatigue When Using a Stereoscopic Endoscope
611
A Dynamic Friction Model for Haptic Simulation of Needle Insertion
615
Enhanced Precomputed Finite Element Models for Surgical Simulation
622
Cardiac MR Image Segmentation and Left Ventricle Surface Reconstruction Based on Level Set Method
629
Author Index
633
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