Brain Imaging with MRI and CT: An Image Pattern Approach

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Zoran Rumboldt, Mauricio Castillo, Benjamin Huang, Andrea Rossi
Cambridge University Press, Nov 8, 2012 - Medical
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Most imaging books are ordered according to underlying etiology. However, in real life clinical practice, radiologists usually make their differential diagnoses according to the image patterns, as the etiology is often unknown. Brain Imaging with MRI and CT presents over 180 disease processes and normal variants, grouping entities by these basic patterns to accentuate differential diagnostic features. High quality CT and MRI scans show multiple typical and distinguishing images for each entity. Common and unusual clinical scenarios are described, including dilated perivascular spaces, capillary teleangiectasia, Susac's syndrome and desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma. Both basic and advanced imaging techniques are used, reflecting the reality of clinical practice. This image-focused book emphasises the most pertinent clinical information relevant to the diagnostic process. Trainee and practising radiologists will find Brain Imaging with MRI and CT an invaluable and clinically relevant tool for learning and teaching.
 

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Contents

Neurocutaneous Melanosis
209
Superficial Siderosis
211
Polymicrogyria
213
SeizureRelated Changes PeriIctal MRI Abnormalities
215
Embolic Infarcts
217
Focal Cortical Dysplasia
219
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex
221
Dysembryoplastic Neuroepithelial Tumor DNT DNET
223

Gangliosidosis GM2
19
Leigh Disease
21
Deep Cerebral Vein Thrombosis DCVT
23
CreutzfeldtJakob Disease CJD
25
Global Cerebral Anoxia in Mature Brain
27
Wernicke Encephalopathy
29
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
31
Glutaric Aciduria Type 1
33
Subcortical Band Heterotopia
35
Bilateral Perisylvian Polymicrogyria BPP
37
Lissencephaly
39
Herpes Simplex Encephalitis
41
Limbic Encephalitis
43
CADASIL Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy
45
Megalencephalic Leukoencephalopathy with Subcortical Cysts
47
Canavan Disease
49
HIV Encephalopathy
51
Radiation and ChemotherapyInduced Leukoencephalopathy
53
Leukoaraiosis Microangiopathy
55
Periventricular Edema in Acute Hydrocephalus
57
Hypoglycemia
59
XLinked Adrenoleukodystrophy XALD
61
Periventricular Leukomalacia PVL
63
Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome PRES Hypertensive Encephalopathy
65
Alexander Disease
67
Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
69
Neurodegenerative Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis NDLCH
71
Remote Cerebellar Hemorrhage
73
Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension
75
Rathkes Cleft Cyst
79
Pituitary Microadenoma
81
Lymphocytic Hypophysitis
83
Pituitary Macroadenoma
85
Ectopic Posterior Pituitary Lobe
87
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
89
Craniopharyngioma
91
Hypothalamic Hamartoma
93
Optic Glioma
95
Perisellar Meningioma
97
Hemangioma of the Cavernous Sinus
99
TolosaHunt Syndrome
101
CarotidCavernous Sinus Fistula
103
Perisellar Aneurysm
105
Chordoma
107
Chondrosarcoma
109
Colloid Cyst
111
Aqueductal Stenosis
113
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy PSP
115
Joubert Syndrome
117
Rhombencephalosynapsis
119
Multiple System Atrophy MSA
121
Maple Syrup Urine Disease MSUD
123
Chiari 2 Malformation
125
Tectal Glioma
127
Brainstem Glioma
129
Duret Hemorrhage
131
Hypertrophic Olivary Degeneration
133
Osmotic Myelinolysis
135
Germinoma
137
Pineoblastoma
139
Pineal Cyst
141
Vein of Galen Aneurysmal Malformation VGAM
143
Corpus Callosum Dysgenesis
145
SeptoOptic Dysplasia
147
Holoprosencephaly
149
Atretic Parietal Encephalocele
151
Dermoid Cyst
153
Lipoma
155
Hippocampal Sclerosis
159
Wallerian Degeneration
161
Rasmussen Encephalitis
163
Chronic Infarct
165
PostTraumatic Atrophy
167
Postoperative Defects
169
Porencephalic Cyst
171
Schizencephaly
173
Hemimegalencephaly
175
SturgeWeber Syndrome
177
Benign External Hydrocephalus
179
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
181
Alzheimer Disease
183
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
185
Huntington Disease
187
Congenital Muscular Dystrophies
189
DandyWalker Malformation
191
Microcephaly
193
Hydranencephaly
195
Acquired Intracranial Herniations
197
Dural Venous Sinus Thrombosis
201
Dural Arteriovenous Fistula
203
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
205
Laminar Necrosis
207
Nonketotic Hyperglycemia With HemichoreaHemiballismus
225
Hyperdensity Following Endovascular Intervention
227
Early Hyperacute Infarct
229
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis ADEM
231
Susac Syndrome
233
Diffuse Axonal Injury
235
Multiple Sclerosis
237
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy PML
239
Nodular Heterotopia
241
Neurosarcoidosis
243
Meningeal Carcinomatosis
245
Meningitis Infectious
247
Perineural Tumor Spread
249
Moyamoya
251
Central Nervous System Vasculitis
253
Subacute Infarct
255
Active Multiple Sclerosis
257
Capillary Telangiectasia
259
Developmental Venous Anomaly
261
Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome IRIS
263
Ventriculitis
265
Arachnoid Granulations
269
Leptomeningeal Cyst
271
Epidural Hematoma
273
Subdural Hematoma
275
Empyema
277
Secondary Systemic Lymphoma
279
Idiopathic Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis
281
Olfactory Neuroblastoma
283
Meningioma
285
Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma
287
Hemangiopericytoma
289
Schwannoma
291
Arachnoid Cyst
293
Epidermoid
295
Aneurysm
297
Racemose Neurocysticercosis
299
Ependymal Cyst
301
Choroid Plexus Cyst
303
Choroid Plexus Papilloma
305
Intraventricular Meningioma
307
Central Neurocytoma
309
Ventricular Diverticula
311
Acute Infarction
315
Glioblastoma Multiforme
317
TherapyInduced Cerebral Necrosis Radiation Necrosis
319
NonHemorrhagic Metastases
321
Cerebral Abscess
323
Cerebral Toxoplasmosis
325
Primary CNS Lymphoma
327
Tumefactive Demyelinating Lesion
329
Tuberculoma
331
Oligodendroglioma
333
LowGrade Diffuse Astrocytoma
335
Gliomatosis Cerebri
337
Mitochondrial Myopathy Encephalopathy Lactic Acidosis and StrokeLike Episodes Melas
339
Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma PXA
341
Ganglioglioma
343
Neurocysticercosis Parenchymal
345
Dilated Perivascular Spaces
347
Neuroepithelial Cyst
349
Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma SEGA
351
Subependymoma
353
Ependymoma
355
Pilocytic Astrocytoma
357
Medulloblastoma
359
Hemangioblastoma
361
LhermitteDuclos Cowden Syndrome
363
Hypertensive Hematoma
365
Amyloid Hemorrhage Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy
367
Cortical Contusion
369
Hemorrhagic Neoplasms
371
Hemorrhagic Venous Thrombosis
373
Arteriovenous Malformation
375
Cavernous Angioma Cavernoma
377
Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection
381
Congenital Toxoplasmosis
383
AicardiGoutières Syndrome
385
Physiologic Basal Ganglia Calcifications
387
Hyperparathyroidism
389
Meningioangiomatosis
391
Vascular Wall Calcification
393
Dystrophic Calcifications
395
Calcified Aneurysms
397
Cysticercosis
399
Ganglioglioma
401
Cortical Tubers in Tuberous Sclerosis
403
Ependymoma
405
Craniopharyngioma
407
Teflon Granuloma
409
Index
410
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About the author (2012)

Zoran Rumboldt is Professor of Radiology, Neuroradiology Section Chief and Fellowship Program Director, Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Mauricio Castillo is Professor of Radiology and Section Chief of Neuroradiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, New Chapel, North Carolina, USA.

Benjamin Huang is Clinical Assistant Professor of Radiology in the Division of Neuroradiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, New Chapel, North Carolina, USA.

Andrea Rossi is Senior Staff Neuroradiologist in the Department of Pediatric Neuroradiology, G. Gaslini Children's Research Hospital, Genoa, Italy.

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