Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics, Volume 1
Neil J. Salkind
SAGE, 2007 - Social Science - 1136 pages
"The study of measurement and statistics can be less than inviting. However, in fields as varying as education, politics, and health care, assessment and the use of measurement and statistics have become integral parts of almost every activity undertaken. These activities require the organization of ideas, the generation of hypotheses, the collection of data, and the interpretation, illustration, and analysis of data. No matter where educated people look, this critical analysis is more important than ever in an age where information - and lots of it - is readily available. The Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics presents state-of-the-art information and ready-to-use facts from the fields of measurement and statistics in an unintimidating style. The ideas and tools contained in these pages are approachable and can be invaluable for understanding our very technical world and the increasing flow of information. Although there are references that cover statistics and assessment in depth, none provides as comprehensive a resource in as focused and accessible a manner as the two volumes of this encyclopedia. Through approximately 500 contributions, experts provide an overview and an explanation of the major topics in these two areas. Key Features Covers every major facet of these two different, but highly integrated disciplines - from mean, mode, and median to reliability, validity, significance, correlation, and much more - all without overwhelming the informed reader Offers cross-disciplinary coverage, with contributions from and applications to the fields of Psychology, Education, Sociology, Human Development, Political Science, Business and Management, Public Health, and others Provides cross-reference terms, a brief listing of further readings, and Web site URLs following most entries, as well as an extensive set of appendices and an annotated list of organizations relevant to measurement and statistics Appendices Features Appendix A is a guide to basic statistics for those readers who might like an instructional step-by-step presentation of basic concepts in statistics and measurement Appendix B is a table of critical values used in hypothesis testing and an important part of any reference in this area Appendix C represents a collection of some important and useful measurement and statistics Internet sites A primary goal of creating this set of volumes is to open up the broad discipline of measurement and statistics to a wider and more general audience than usual. Edited by bestselling author Neil J. Salkind, this encyclopedia is specifically designed to appeal to beginning and intermediate-level students, practitioners, researchers, and consumers of information. It is a welcome addition to any academic library." http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0657/2006011888-d.html.
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ability achievement tests algorithm alpha American Analysis of Variance ANOVA applied assessment Association assumption attitudes average Bayes factor behavior bias chi-square clinical cluster cognitive comparisons computed correlation coefficient covariance criterion data analysis data set denoted dependent variable developed deviation distance Educational effect eigenvalues equation estimate evaluation example experiment factor analysis factor scores Figure frequency Friedman test function Further Reading grounded theory hierarchical linear model independent individuals intelligence interaction interval Inventory Journal likelihood linear model linear regression matrix mean median ment method Monte Carlo Monte Carlo methods multiple multivariate normal distribution null hypothesis observed obtained parameters participants Personality plot population prediction predictor probability problem procedure Psychological random regression reliability response sample scale selection significant specific SPSS squared standard Table technique test statistic theory tion treatment Type I error University validity vector versus