The Powers of the Presidency

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SAGE, Nov 6, 2012 - Political Science - 373 pages
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Providing both a historical and contemporary perspective on presidential powers, The Powers of the Presidency guides readers through the presidency as a constitutional office, covering how it was shaped by design at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and by later constitutional amendments, Supreme Court decisions, and custom and precedent. It discusses the various roles of the chief executive, including chief of state, chief administrator, legislative leader, chief diplomat, commander in chief, and chief economist. The fourth edition of this accessible and affordable work has been significantly updated and features:

- coverage of the final years of George W. Bush and the first three years of Barack Obama's presidency

- extensive coverage of the Obama Administration's efforts to curb economic decline

- updates on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the killing of Osama bin Laden, and on the treatment of detainees at Guantanamo Bay

- coverage of the Arab Spring protests and U.S. involvement in the military intervention in Libya

Barack Obama's health care reform legislation

 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 UNILATERAL POWERS OF THE PRESIDENCY
1
The Growth of Executive Discretion
3
The New Deal and World War II
5
The Permanent Emergency
6
The Modern Presidency
7
Policy Implementation
9
Signing Statements and Item Vetoes
10
Executive Orders
11
Presidential Doctrines
218
The Treaty Power
219
Presidential Primacy in Treaty Negotiations
220
The Treatymaking Process
221
Treaty Approval
222
Termination of Treaties
223
Constitutional Dilemma
224
Landmark Executive Agreements
225

Secrecy and Executive Privilege
15
Emergency Powers
17
Economic Crisis
20
The Resurgence Regime
21
The New Imperial Presidency?
22
Unitary Executives in the Constitutional Framework
26
Notes
28
Selected Bibliography
32
CHAPTER 2 HEAD OF STATE
35
Ceremonial Duties and Functions
36
Customary Ceremonial Functions
40
Head of State Role and Presidential Power
48
Tool of Foreign Policy
52
Partisan Politics
54
Extragovernmental Power
57
Spiritual Leadership
58
Cultural Leadership
60
Demands on Time
61
Risks to the Presidents Health
62
Risks to the Presidents Safety
63
Dangers of Deference
64
Proposals for Change
65
Delegation of Chief of State Functions
66
Vice Presidents
67
Conclusion
68
Notes
69
Selected Bibliography
70
CHAPTER 3 CHIEF ADMINISTRATOR
73
The President as Chief Administrator
74
Bureaucratic Growth and Reform
77
Control of the Bureaucracy
78
The Presidents Administrative Style
83
Congressional Oversight
91
Reorganization Power
94
The Appointment Power
97
Constraints on the Appointment Process
99
The Role of the Senate
100
The Presidential Personnel System
101
The Removal Power
106
The Budgeting Power
108
The Presidents Role in the Budget Process
109
Congressional Response to the Presidents Budget
112
Presidential Spending
116
Impoundment Powers
117
The President as Chief Law Enforcement Officer
118
Law Enforcement by the US Government
119
Presidential Law Enforcement Authority and Power
121
The Law Enforcement Bureaucracy
129
Law Enforcement within the US Political System
136
Notes
143
Selected Bibliography
146
CHAPTER 4 LEGISLATIVE LEADER
149
Constitutional Foundations
150
Historical Development
152
An Instrument of Presidential Power
155
Pocket Veto
158
Lineitem Veto
160
The Presidents Program
165
Separate Branches
166
Historical Development
169
The State of the Union Address
175
Preparing Legislation
178
Lobbying Congress
186
Public Appeals
191
Notes
196
Selected Bibliography
200
CHAPTER 5 CHIEF DIPLOMAT
203
Distribution of Foreign Policy Power
204
Presidential Dominance of Foreign Policy
205
Presidential Advantages
206
Judicial Enhancement of Presidential Power
207
Congressional Cooperation and Conflict
209
Early Cooperation and Conflict
210
Versailles to World War II
211
Congressional Rebellion and Reassertion
212
Executive Dominance to Combat Terrorism
216
Foreign Policy Declarations
217
Attempts to Limit Executive Agreements
226
The Recognition Power
227
Recognition as a Policy Statement
228
United Nations and US Foreign Policy
229
Mutual Security Agreements
230
Power to Appoint Diplomatic Personnel
231
Symbolism and Politics of Appointments
232
Summit Meetings
233
Superpower Summitry
235
Evaluating Summit Diplomacy
236
Expansion of the Foreign Policy Bureaucracy
237
National Security Council
238
Foreign Policymaking Process
240
The Bureaucracy as a Source of Presidential Power
243
The Bureaucracy as an Impediment to Presidential Power
244
Notes
245
Selected Bibliography
247
CHAPTER 6 COMMANDER IN CHIEF
249
Power to Declare War
250
Power to Declare Neutrality and End Declared Wars
251
Development of Presidential War Powers
252
Early Presidents
253
The Annexation of Texas and the Mexican War
254
Lincoln and the Civil War
255
The SpanishAmerican War
256
The World Wars
257
Postwar Congressional Acquiescence
259
Resurgence of Congress
262
War Powers Resolution
263
Legal Questions
264
Uses of Force under the War Powers Resolution
265
Effects of the War Powers Resolution
270
Military Responses to Terrorism
271
International Agreements and the War Powers
273
Alliances and Mutual Security Agreements
275
Alliances and the War Powers
276
President as Military Commander
277
Command of Nuclear Weapons
279
President as Defense Manager
284
Defense Budget
288
Military Personnel Policy
292
Presidential Wartime Emergency Powers
293
Martial Law and Civil Rights
294
Seizure of Property
297
Police Actions and Rescue Missions
298
Training and Advising Foreign Troops
299
Selected Bibliography
302
CHAPTER 7 CHIEF ECONOMIST
305
Limitations
306
Types of Economic Policy
308
Fiscal Policy
309
Monetary Policy
312
Tax Policy
315
International Monetary Policy
317
Trade Policy
319
Economic Policymaking Institutions
322
Rivals to Power
323
Federal Reserve Board
325
Historical Development of Economic Policy
326
Truman Administration
328
Eisenhower Administration
329
Johnson Administration
330
Nixon Administration
331
Ford Administration
332
Reagan Administration
333
George H W Bush Administration
335
Clinton Administration
337
George W Bush Administration
338
The Great Recession and the Obama Administration
340
Future Challenges
342
Health Care
343
Notes
344
Selected Bibliography
348
ILLUSTRATION CREDITS AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
351
INDEX
353
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