Bloody Bill Longley: The Mythology of a Gunfighter

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University of North Texas Press, 2011 - Biography & Autobiography - 371 pages
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William Preston “Bill” Longley (1851-1878), though born into a strong Christian family, turned bad during Reconstruction in Texas, much like other young boys of that time, including the deadly John Wesley Hardin. He went on a murderous rampage over the last few years of his life, shotgunning Wilson Anderson in retribution for Anderson's killing of a relative; killing George Thomas in McLennan County; and shooting William “Lou” Shroyer in a running gunfight. Longley even killed the Reverend William R. Lay while Lay was milking a cow. Once he was arrested in 1877, and subsequently sentenced to hang, his name became known statewide as an outlaw and a murderer. Through a series of “autobiographical” letters written from jail while awaiting the hangman, Longley created and reveled in his self-centered image as a fearsome, deadly gunfighter—the equal, if not the superior, of the vaunted Hardin.
Declaring himself the “worst outlaw” in Texas, the story that he created became the basis for his historical legacy, unfortunately relied on and repeated over and over by previous biographers, but all wrong. In truth, Bill Longley was not the daring figure that he attempted to paint. Rick Miller's thorough research shows that he was, instead, a braggart who exaggerated greatly his feats as a gunman. The murders that could be credited to him were generally nothing more than cowardly assassinations.
Bloody Bill Longley was first published in a limited edition in 1996. Miller separates fact from fancy, attempting to prove or disprove Longley's many claims of bloodshed. Since the time of the first edition, diligent research has located and identified the outlaw's body, the absence of which was a longstanding myth in itself. This revised edition includes that part of the Longley story, as well as several new items of information that have since come to light.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 A GoodHearted Boy
1
Chapter 2 These Desperate Scoundrels and Out Laws
14
Chapter 3 Murdering Robbing and Ravishing
25
Chapter 4 I Kept on Pumping Lead
38
Chapter 5 We Set Out in Fine Spirit
50
Chapter 6 A Man of Low Instinct and Habits
61
Chapter 7 The Worst Indian
77
Chapter 8 Who in the Hell Are You?
88
Chapter 13 The Last of Pea Time
156
Chapter 14 Plenty of Ammunition
168
Chapter 15 We Want Him
180
Chapter 16 The Most Successful Outlaw
195
Chapter 17 I Have Killed A Many Man
213
Chapter 18 Same Old Rattling Bill
234
Chapter 19 Hanging is My Favorite Way of Dying
256
Chapter 20 Not Upon His Doomed Neck
280

Chapter 9 DesperateLooking Character
101
Chapter 10 Shot Him Dead
114
Chapter 11 Bill Was Still Fighting
127
Chapter 12 I Will Not Be Captured
136
Endnotes
297
Bibliography
337
Index
351
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

RICK MILLER is the author of biographies of Sam Bass (Sam Bass & Gang), Jack Duncan (Bounty Hunter), and Eugene Bunch (The Train Robbing Bunch). He served as chief of police in both Killeen and Denton, Texas. Currently, he is the elected County Attorney of Bell County, Texas. He lives in Harker Heights, Texas.

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