Houston Blue: The Story of the Houston Police Department

Front Cover
University of North Texas Press, 2012 - History - 486 pages

Houston Blue offers the first comprehensive history of one of the nation's largest police forces, the Houston Police Department. Through extensive archival research and more than one hundred interviews with prominent Houston police figures, politicians, news reporters, attorneys, and others, authors Mitchel P. Roth and Tom Kennedy chronicle the development of policing in the Bayou City from its days as a grimy trading post in the 1830s to its current status as the nation's fourth largest city. Combining the skills of historian, criminologist, and journalist, Roth and Kennedy reconstruct the history of a police force that has been both innovative and controversial.

Readers will be introduced to a colorful and unforgettable cast of police chiefs and officers who have made their mark on the department. Prominent historical figures who have brushed shoulders with Houston's Finest over the past 175 years are also featured, including Houdini, Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders, O. Henry, former Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, hatchet wielding temperance leader Carrie Nation, the Hilton Siamese Twins, blues musician Leadbelly, oilman Silver Dollar Jim West, and many others.

The Houston Police Department has been at the cutting edge of police innovation. It was one of the first departments in the South to adopt fingerprinting as an identification system and use the polygraph test, and under the leadership of its first African American police chief, Lee Brown, put the theory of neighborhood oriented policing into practice in the 1980s. The force has been embroiled in controversy and high profile criminal cases as well. Among the cases chronicled in the book are the Dean Corll and Dr. John Hill murders; controversial cases involving the department's crime lab; the killings of Randy Webster and Joe Campos Torres; and the Camp Logan, Texas Southern University, and Moody Park Riots.

Roth and Kennedy reveal that most of modern Houston's issues and problems are rooted in many of the challenges that faced police officers in the nineteenth century. Anyone who drives in Houston will not be surprised that the city's reputation for poor drivers was already cemented in the 1860s, when ordinances were passed to protect pedestrians from horse-drawn carriages. Likewise, the department's efforts to overcome funding and manpower shortages, and political patronage, are a continuing battle that began a century ago. In the end it is a story about the men and women in blue and the role played by the Houston Police Officers Union in creating a modern 21st-century police force from its frontier roots.

 

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Contents

Chapter 20 All 7s
233
Chapter 21 Buffalo Hunters and a New Union
247
Chapter 23 The Drill Instructor
265
Chapter 24 Hispanics Stand Tall
280
Chapter 25 The Outsider
312
Chapter 26 NeighborhoodOriented Policing
329
Chapter 27 Betsy and the Poster Boy
339
Chapter 28 The Man in the Uniform
359

Chapter 9 The Prohibition Era
83
Chapter 10 Reorganization
97
Chapter 11 Percy Heard and the War Years
111
Chapter 12 The PostWar Era
134
Chapter 13 The Old Gray Foxs Whim
145
Chapter 14 Secret Leaders and 1269m
152
Chapter 15 A Sergeant Becomes Chief
162
Chapter 16 Political Winds
177
Chapter 17 Herman B Short
191
Chapter 18 Conflict at Texas Southern
208
Chapter 19 The Successor
219
Chapter 29 Hans Marticiuc and Greater Benefits
368
Chapter 30 The Chief from Phoenix
383
Chapter 31 An Insider and New Trust
399
Appendix 1 Fallen Heroes of HPD
413
Appendix 2 Houston Mayors and Police Chiefs 18372012
417
Appendix 3 HPOAHPOU Presidents
424
Notes
426
Sources
453
Index
467
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

MITCHEL P. ROTH received the Ph.D. in history from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1993 and is currently professor of criminal justice at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, Texas. He has written extensively about the history of crime and punishment and was selected by the Texas Department of Public Safety to write its history and update it three times over the past fifteen years. His books include Crime and Punishment: A History of the Criminal Justice System, Historical Dictionary of Law Enforcement, and The Encyclopedia of War Journalism.

TOM KENNEDY spent twenty-five years with the late Houston Post as a columnist and member of the Editorial Board. His columns focused on politics, police, and criminal justice. He authored From Waco to Wall Street, the biography of SYSCO founder John Baugh. A Baylor University journalism graduate, he resides in Houston with his wife Glenda.

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