Buffalo Soldiers in the West: A Black Soldiers Anthology

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Bruce A. Glasrud, Michael N. Searles
Texas A&M University Press, Aug 15, 2007 - Social Science - 328 pages
In the decades following the Civil War, scores of African Americans served in the U.S. Army in the West. The Plains Indians dubbed them buffalo soldiers, and their record in the infantry and cavalry, a record full of dignity and pride, provides one of the most fascinating chapters in the history of the era.

This anthology focuses on the careers and accomplishments of black soldiers, the lives they developed for themselves, their relationships to their officers (most of whom were white), their specialized roles (such as that of the Black Seminoles), and the discrimination they faced from the very whites they were trying to protect. In short, this volume offers important insights into the social, cultural, and communal lives of the buffalo soldiers.

The selections are written by prominent scholars who have delved into the history of black soldiers in the West. Previously published in scattered journals, the articles are gathered here for the first time in a single volume, providing a rich and accessible resource for students, scholars, and interested general readers. Additionally, the readings in this volume serve in some ways as commentaries on each other, offering in this collected format a cumulative mosaic that was only fragmentary before.

Volume editors Glasrud and Searles provide introductions to the volume and to each of its four parts, surveying recent scholarship and offering an interpretive framework. The bibliography that closes the book will also commend itself as a valuable tool for further research.
 

Contents

The Officers and the Troops
31
Fort Rileys Black Soldiers and the Armys Changing Role in the West 186785
35
William R Shatter Black Troops and the Opening of the Llano Estacado 187075
51
Buffalo Soldier Chaplains of the Old West
68
BLACK NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS IN THE REGULAR ARMY 186698
84
The Black Soldier
97
BLACK WOMAN SOLDIER I 86668
101
CALEB BENSON IN THE NINTH AND TENTH CAVALRY 18751908
114
PRELUDE TO THE BROWNSVILLE RAID
185
The Houston Riot of 1917 Revisited
197
Community of Soldiers
217
BLACK SOLDIERS AT FORT DOUGLAS 189699
221
THE STORY OF TH E TWENTYFI FTH INFANTRY BICYCLE CORPS
242
The Black SoldierAthlete in the US Army i8?oi?i6
257
THE ROLE OF THE TWENTYFOURTH INFANTRY BAND AT COLUMBUS NEW MEXICO 191622
267
A BIBLIOGRAPHY
277

AN EXAMPLE OF BLACK WHITE RELATIONSHIPS IN THE ARMY 1881
129
The Black Seminole Indian Scouts in the Big Bend
143
Discrimination and Violence
153
Fort Hayes Kansas 186769? A STUDY IN CIVILIAN AND MILITARY VIOLENCE
157
SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING RACE RELATIONS
176
Contributors
301
Permissions
303
INDEX
305
Copyright

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Page 19 - had little, at the turn of the century, to help sustain our faith in ourselves except the pride that we took in the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry, the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Infantry.

About the author (2007)

BRUCE A. GLASRUD, a former dean of arts and sciences and professor of history at Sul Ross State University, now lives in retirement in Seguin, Texas. He is also an emeritus professor of California State University, Hayward, where he did extensive study on the history of African Americans in the West.MICHAEL N. SEARLES teaches history at Augusta (Georgia) State University. Among other article-length publications, he contributed a chapter to Black Texas Cowboys. He has conducted many demonstrations and historic reenactments on the black cowboy, and as “Cowboy Mike” has brought Western history to life for students in elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, and colleges.

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