State-of-the-art Imaging in Stroke, Volume 1
Stroke represents a clinical syndrome of rapid onset of focal or sometimes global cerebral deficit with a vascular cause, lasting more than 24 hours or leading to death. Eighty per cent of all strokes are ischaemic, 15% are due to intracerebral haemorrhage, and 5% to subarachnoid haemorrhage. Correct diagnosis is important because treatment options for ischemic stroke may be contraindicated in case of intracerebral haemorrhage. Such exact diagnosis requires state-of-the-art imaging of the brain. But which kind of imaging, how quickly should it be done, should this include imaging of cerebral blood flow, and what is the most cost effective approach? Answering these questions may help to further narrow the gap between experimental and clinical research as well may substantially improve the patient's care.
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Computed Tomography Imaging in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Diffusion and Perfusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Acute Stroke
Other MR Imaging Methods Such as FLAIRT2 or Gradient Echo MR Imaging in Acute Stroke
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomograph Imaging in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Molecular Imaging in Stroke
NearInfrared Spectroscopy in Acute Ischemic Stroke Clinical Aspects
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acute cerebral acute ischemic stroke acute stroke AJNR assessment Blood Flow Metab bolus brain perfusion brain tissue carotid artery carotid stenosis cells cerebral blood flow cerebral infarction cerebral ischemia cerebral perfusion clinical collateral computed tomography contrast agent contrast enhancement correlation cortical CT angiography decrease demonstrated detection diagnosis diffusion diffusion-weighted disease Doppler early edema effect endarterectomy evaluation FLAIR harmonic imaging hematoma hemisphere hemodynamic hemorrhagic transformation hyperacute hyperintense hypoperfusion increase injection intra-arterial intracerebral hemorrhage intracranial intracranial hemorrhage intravenous ischemic stroke magnetic resonance imaging measured metabolism method microbleeds microbubbles middle cerebral artery neurological neuronal Neuroradiol NIRS occlusion outcome oxygen parameters patients with acute penumbra perfusion perfusion imaging predictive pulse Radiology rats rCBF recanalization regional reperfusion scan sensitivity sequences signal SPECT spectroscopy stroke patients symptom onset techniques thrombolysis thrombolytic therapy transcranial transient treatment trials ultrasound vascular venous vessel vivo voxel