The Early Modern Human from Tianyuan Cave, China
For more than a century, scientists have returned time and again to the issue of modern human emergence-the when and where of the evolutionary process and the human behavioral and biological dynamics involved.
The 2003 discovery of a human partial skeleton at Tianyuandong (Tianyuan Cave) excited worldwide interest. The first human skeleton from the region to be directly radiocarbon-dated (to 40,000 years before present), its geological age places it close to the time period during which modern humans became permanently established across the Old World (between 50,000 and 35,000 years ago).
Through detailed description and interpretation of the most complete early modern human skeleton from eastern Asia, The Early Modern Human from Tianyan Cave, China, addresses long-term questions about the ancestry of modern humans in eastern Asia and the nature of the changes in human behavior with the emergence of modern human biology.
This book is a detailed, paleontological and paleobiological presentation of this skeleton, its context, and its implications. By providing basic information for this important human fossil, offering inferences concerning the population processes involved in modern human emergence in eastern Eurasia, and by raising questions concerning the adaptations of these early modern human hunter-gatherers, The Early Modern Human from Tianyuan Cave, China will take its place as a core contribution to the study of modern human emergence.
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C h a p t e r 1Introduction
The Cave Its Contextand Its Contents
C h a p t e r 3Preservation of the Tianyuan 1Human Fossil Remains
C h a p t e r 4Comparative Materials and Methods
C h a p t e r 5The Tianyuan 1 Dentition
C h a p t e r 6The Tianyuan 1 Mandible
C h a p t e r 7Body Size and Body Proportionsof Tianyuan 1
C h a p t e r 8The Tianyuan 1 Axial Remains
C h a p t e r 1 0The Tianyuan 1 Lower Limb Remains
C h a p t e r 1 1Sex and Age at Death of Tianyuan 1
C h a p t e r 1 2Paleopathology of theTianyuan 1 Partial Skeleton
C h a p t e r 1 3Paleoanthropological Implications of theTianyuan 1 Human Remains
A p p e n d i x 1Taphonomy of the Human Remainsfrom Tianyuandong
A p p e n d i x 2Isotopic Analysis of Tianyuan 1 andAssociated Faunal Remains
C h a p t e r 9The Tianyuan 1 Upper Limb Remains
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alveolar angle anteroposterior area mm2 articular breadth articular length Asian modern humans assess asymmetry Bivariate plot body mass buccal cal BP calcaneus caudal Chapter comparative samples cortical cranial crest crown dental diaphyseal distal dorsal EAMH early modern humans Early Upper Paleolithic eastern Asian modern estimated Eurasian Mid Upper facet femoral head diameter femur Figure foramen glenoid fossa human remains humerus late archaic humans Late Pleistocene Late Pleistocene human lateral linea aspera lower limb mandible mandibular margin maximum length medial mediolateral metatarsal Mid Upper Paleolithic Middle Paleolithic modern midshaft Minatogawa Mladeč moment of area morphological MPMH Nazlet Khater Nean Neandertals occlusal Osteometric P-value Paleolithic modern humans pattern phalanges posterior proximal recent human relatively robusticity skeleton soleal line sternebra sulcus supereruption surface symphyseal Table talar teeth Tianyuan Tianyuan 1 right Tianyuan Cave Tianyuandong tibia Trinkaus trochlear tubercle tuberosity values ventral West EUP western Early Upper western Eurasian Mid Zhoukoudian ZKD-UC