The Early Modern Human from Tianyuan Cave, China

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Texas A&M University Press, Jun 18, 2010 - Science - 272 pages
For more than a century, scientists have returned time and again to the issue of modern human emergence-the when and where of the evolutionary process and the human behavioral and biological dynamics involved.
The 2003 discovery of a human partial skeleton at Tianyuandong (Tianyuan Cave) excited worldwide interest. The first human skeleton from the region to be directly radiocarbon-dated (to 40,000 years before present), its geological age places it close to the time period during which modern humans became permanently established across the Old World (between 50,000 and 35,000 years ago).
Through detailed description and interpretation of the most complete early modern human skeleton from eastern Asia, The Early Modern Human from Tianyan Cave, China, addresses long-term questions about the ancestry of modern humans in eastern Asia and the nature of the changes in human behavior with the emergence of modern human biology.
This book is a detailed, paleontological and paleobiological presentation of this skeleton, its context, and its implications. By providing basic information for this important human fossil, offering inferences concerning the population processes involved in modern human emergence in eastern Eurasia, and by raising questions concerning the adaptations of these early modern human hunter-gatherers, The Early Modern Human from Tianyuan Cave, China will take its place as a core contribution to the study of modern human emergence.
 

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Contents

C h a p t e r 1Introduction
1
The Cave Its Contextand Its Contents
4
C h a p t e r 3Preservation of the Tianyuan 1Human Fossil Remains
16
C h a p t e r 4Comparative Materials and Methods
28
C h a p t e r 5The Tianyuan 1 Dentition
41
C h a p t e r 6The Tianyuan 1 Mandible
54
C h a p t e r 7Body Size and Body Proportionsof Tianyuan 1
74
C h a p t e r 8The Tianyuan 1 Axial Remains
88
C h a p t e r 1 0The Tianyuan 1 Lower Limb Remains
132
C h a p t e r 1 1Sex and Age at Death of Tianyuan 1
167
C h a p t e r 1 2Paleopathology of theTianyuan 1 Partial Skeleton
171
C h a p t e r 1 3Paleoanthropological Implications of theTianyuan 1 Human Remains
190
A p p e n d i x 1Taphonomy of the Human Remainsfrom Tianyuandong
205
A p p e n d i x 2Isotopic Analysis of Tianyuan 1 andAssociated Faunal Remains
211
References
217
Index
241

C h a p t e r 9The Tianyuan 1 Upper Limb Remains
96

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About the author (2010)

HONG SHANG is an associate professor and associate researcher in the Department of Paleoanthropology, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, where she also received her PhD. ERIK TRINKAUS, a prominent paleoanthropologist and expert on Neandertal and early modern human biology, is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He is the Mary Tileston Hemenway Professor in Arts & Sciences in the Department of Anthropology at Washington University in St. Louis. He received his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania.  

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