Presidential Term Limits in American History: Power, Principles, and Politics

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Texas A&M University Press, Mar 28, 2013 - Political Science - 192 pages
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An innovative historical study of the longstanding debate over executive term limits in American politics . . . By successfully seeking a third term in 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt shattered a tradition that was as old as the American republic. The longstanding yet controversial two-term tradition reflected serious tensions in American political values.
  In Presidential Term Limits in American History, Michael J. Korzi recounts the history of the two-term tradition as well as the “perfect storm” that enabled Roosevelt to break with that tradition. He also shows that Roosevelt and his close supporters made critical errors of judgment in 1943-44, particularly in seeking a fourth term against long odds that the ill president would survive it. Korzi’s analysis offers a strong challenge to Roosevelt biographers who have generally whitewashed this aspect of his presidency and decision making. The case of Roosevelt points to both the drawbacks and the benefits of presidential term limits. Furthermore, Korzi’s extended consideration of the seldom-studied Twenty-second Amendment and its passage reveals not only vindictive and political motivations (it was unanimously supported by Republicans), but also a sincere distrust of executive power that dates back to America’s colonial and constitutional periods.
 
 

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Contents

Executive Tenure in Early American History
13
The Development
43
Roosevelts Third Term
79
The Troubling Case of FDRs Fourth Term
101
The Twentysecond
124
Ambition Democracyx and Constitutional
143
Notes
171
Index
209
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About the author (2013)

 MICHAEL J. KORZI’s articles have appeared in Presidential Studies Quarterly, Polity, and Congress and the Presidency. He is a professor of political science at Towson University in Towson, Maryland.

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