The People of Palomas: Neandertals from the Sima de las Palomas del Cabezo Gordo, Southeastern Spain
Erik Trinkaus, Michael J. Walker
Texas A&M University Press, Apr 3, 2017 - Social Science - 320 pages
The Neandertal site of the Sima de las Palomas del Cabezo Gordo, located in Murcia in southeastern Spain, is unique in several respects. One of its most important contribution to the field of Anthropology, however, may be that it has yielded of the remains of at least 17 Neandertals, adding appreciable breadth to the available data for a greater understanding of Neandertals. Further, its location in the southern Iberian Peninsula provides the potential for studying a population that may have been somewhat isolated from contemporaneous groups of early humans.
This comprehensive analysis represents the first detailed description and analysis of the human fossil assemblage found at the Sima de las Palomas site. While scientific discussion continues regarding the precise impact of Neandertals upon modern human physiology and biology, The People of Palomas adds significantly to our knowledge of the human fossil record of the Late Pleistocene.
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2 The Context of the Sima de las Palomas Neandertals
3 The Palomas Neandertal Sample
4 The Palomas Cranial Remains
5 The Palomas Mandibles
Preservation Wear and Morphology
Size and Proportions
Enamel Thickness and Tissue Proportions
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3D AET age at death alveolar archaic humans articular assessed bone breadth buccal canine chipping cm Plate corpus crown cusps cut marks deciduous dentin dentine and pulp diameter diaphyseal dimensions distal E/MUP early modern humans enamel thickness eroded femoral grade height humeral immature Incisor indicate individuals interproximal facet Krapina labial surface las Palomas Late Pleistocene lateral lingual mandible mandibular left marginal ridge matrix mature maxilla maxillary Mean SD measurements mental foramen mesial mesiodistal metacarpal metaconid microwear Middle Paleolithic Middle Paleolithic modern Middle Pleistocene midshaft molar morphology MPMH Neand Neandertal Neolithic occlusal surface occlusal wear Paleolithic modern humans Palo Palomas 23 Palomas 59 Palomas 92 Palomas sample phalanges Pleistocene humans postcanine postcrania posterior postmortem premolars protoconid proximal range recent humans root Scale scratches sediments Sima SP1R specimens sulcus Table teeth tooth Trinkaus Upper Cutting level Upper Paleolithic Upper Paleolithic modern values variables variation versus views Walker