Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East

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Catherine Breniquet, C cile Michel
Oxbow Books, Jul 31, 2014 - History - 400 pages
The history of the Ancient Near East covers a huge chronological frame, from the first pictographic texts of the late 4th millennium to the conquest of Alexander the Great in 333 BC. During these millennia, different societies developed in a changing landscape where sheep (and their wool) always played an important economic role. The 22 papers presented here explore the place of wool in the ancient economy of the region, where large-scale textile production began during the second half of the 3rd millennium. By placing emphasis on the development of multi-disciplinary methodologies, experimentation and use of archaeological evidence combined with ancient textual sources, the wide-ranging contributions explore a number of key themes. These include: the first uses of wool in textile manufacture and organization of weaving; trade and exchange; the role of wool in institutionalized economies; and the reconstruction of the processes that led to this first form of industry in Antiquity. The numerous archaeological and written sources provide an enormous amount of data on wool, textile crafts, and clothing and these inter-disciplinary studies are beginning to present a comprehensive picture of the economic and cultural impact of woollen textiles and textile manufacturing on formative ancient societies.
 

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Contents

Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean
1
Bronze and Iron Age Wools in Europe
12
The Expansion of Sheep Herding and the Development of Wool Production in the Ancient Near East An Archaeozoological and Iconographical App...
22
Sheep Wool and Textile Production An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Complexity of Wool Working
41
The Archaeology of Wool in Early Mesopotamia Sources Methods Perspectives
52
Lambs of the Gods The Beginnings of the Wool Economy in ProtoCuneiform Texts
79
The Value of Wool in Early Bronze Age Mesopotamia On the Control of Sheep and the Handling of Wool in the Presargonic to the Ur III Periods c ...
94
Wool in the Economy of Sargonic Mesopotamia
115
All Wool and a Yard Wide Wool Production and Trade in Old Babylonian Sippar
202
Wool Trade in Upper Mesopotamia and Syria According to Old Babylonian and Old Assyrian Texts
232
Wool in Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Period
255
Wool Economy in Minoan Crete before Linear B A Minimalist Position
264
Wool in the Nuzi Texts
283
Wool Production and Economy at Ugarit
310
Sheep Rearing Wool Production and Management in Mycenaean Written Documents
340
Mycenaean Wool Economies in the Latter Part of the 2nd Millennium BC Aegean
371

From Weighing Wool to Weaving Tools Textile Manufacture at Ebla during the Early Syrian Period in the Light of Archaeological Evidence
124
Some Aspects of the Wool Economy at Ebla Syria 24th Century BC
139
Making Textiles at Arslantepe Turkey in the 4th and 3rd Millennia BC Archaeological Data and Experimental Archaeology
151
Wool Economy in the Royal Archive of Mari during the Šakkanakku Period
169
Wool Hair and Textiles in Assyria
401
If you have sheep you have all you need Sheep Husbandry and Wool in the Economy of the NeoBabylonian Ebabbar Temple at Sippar
428
Fabrics and Clothes from Mesopotamia during the Achaemenid and Seleucid Periods The Textual References
453
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About the author (2014)

Cécile Michel is Director of Research at the CNRS. She specialises in the study of cuneiform tablets, and trade and society in Upper Mesopotamia and Anatolia.

Cécile Michel is Director of Research at the CNRS. She specialises in the study of cuneiform tablets, and trade and society in Upper Mesopotamia and Anatolia.

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