Studies on Ottoman Social and Political History: Selected Articles and Essays

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BRILL, 2002 - Social Science - 856 pages
This book comprises a collection of articles and essays published in a variety of journals during the past decades, which seek to identify and analyze mainly the internal forces which transformed the Ottoman State into a variety of national states in the Balkans and the Middle East. Kemal H. Karpat studies the transformation of "miri" (state) lands into private property, the subsequent rise of a new propertied middle class in the countryside with its own stratum of intellectuals and notables as preparing the rise of a civil order which embraced or rejected as the situation demanded the old statist philosophy and the new bureaucracy. The book studies migration as a key factor which brought many Muslim ethnic groups into Anatolia that produced a social restructuring and new modern Ottoman-Islamic-Turkish culture that formed the ethno-cultural roots of Republican Turkey.
 

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Although the writer is trying to explain and review the history of the Ottoman empire in depth, I was quite disappointed to read that Byzantine(Greece), Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia did not have a functioning political, economical, social and cultural system in place before the Ottomans took over the Balkans. The Balkans are historically recognized as the the cradle of the European civilization, older than Sumer, Akkad and Egypt. It seems to me that the book is one sided and biased, praising the Ottomans who held back the Balkans and clearly were trying to impose an old political and economic structure for nearly 500 years, the feudal system. Historians very often call the Ottoman empire the' sick' man of Europe because the empire was backwards and did not let the different ethnic minorities, Christians, to self determinate and move forward. If you consider yourself a knowledgeable and well informed you should be pointing out what type of taxes the rayah in the empire was paying, especially the blood tax, or how the Christians were forcefully asked to convert to Islam and what were the the consequences if they refused, or even how they were politically, religiously and economically segregated.
Unfortunately, I would not recommend the book.
 

Contents

The Transformation of the Ottoman State 17891908
45
The Ottoman Parliament of 1877 and its Social
75
The Ottoman Emigration to America 18601914
90
The Ottoman Adoption of Statistics from the West in
132
Jewish Population Movements in the Ottoman Empire
146
The Impact of Hungarian Refugees
169
The Crimean Emigration to Dobruca
202
Documents Pertaining to its Size
235
The Civil Rights of the Muslims of the Balkans
522
Nation and Nationalism in the Late Ottoman Empire
544
The Young Turks
556
Ottoman Views and Policies Towards the Orthodox
586
The Roots of the Incongruity
604
Romanian Independence and the Ottoman State
676
The Process
689
The Ethnicity Problem in a MultiEthnic Anational
712

The Social and Economic Transformation of Istanbul in
243
The Land Regime Social Structure and Modernization
327
The Social and Political Foundations of Nationalism
352
Ottoman Relations with the Balkan Nations after 1683
385
Image
434
The Ottoman Rule in Europe From the Perspective
473
The Ottoman Ethnic and Confessional Legacy in
730
Ottoman Migration Ethnopolitics and the Formation
752
Ottoman Immigration Policies and Settlement
783
The Reflection of
822
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Kemal H. Karpat is Distinguished Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. A Turk born in Dobruja, he obtained degrees from Mecidiye Seminary, Istanbul, Washington and New York Universities publishing more than a dozen books starting with the pathbreaking Turkey's Politics (1959) and culminating in Politicization of Islam (2001).